RESEARCH SCHOLAR , IIT KHARAGPUR
ORGANIC WASTE TREATMENT USING MICROBIAL FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY
MICROBIAL FUEL CELL IS A TECHNOLOGY WHICH PROVIDES DUAL ADVANTAGES SUCH AS ORGANIC WASTE TREATMENT ALONG WITH POWER GENERATION. THIS IS A VERY SIMPLE METHODOLOGY FOR ORGANIC HOUSEHOLD APPLICAATIONS AS WELL AS INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATEMNT.
Abstract: Effect of oxygen and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) as cathodic electron acceptors on performance of a clayware microbial fuel cell (MFC) was evaluated in this study. Maximum power density of 6.57 W/m(3) was obtained with NaOCl as catholyte, which is about 9 times higher than oxygen being used as an electron acceptor. Voltammetry and Tafel analysis further supported the faster reduction kinetics lead to increase in power output and reduction in internal resistance of MFC operated with NaOCl as an electron acceptor. Using NaOCl as catholyte, higher exchange current density of 10.91 and 11.52 mA/m(2) and lower charge transfer resistance of 0.58 and 0.56 kΩ m(2) was observed for anode and cathode, respectively. Higher organic matter removal of about 90% with 25% Coulombic efficiency was achieved using NaOCl as catholyte. Higher internal resistance, lower cathode potential and slow reduction kinetics deteriorated performance of MFC using oxygen as cathodic electron acceptor.
Pub.: 15 Jan '14, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: Methanogens compete with anodophiles for substrate and thus reduce the power generation and coulombic efficiency (CE) of the microbial fuel cell (MFC). Performance of a baked clayware membrane MFC inoculated with mixed anaerobic sludge pretreated with lauric acid was investigated in order to enhance power recovery by controlling methanogenesis. In the presence of lauric acid pretreated inoculum, MFC produced maximum volumetric power density of 4.8 W/m(3) and the CE increased from 3.6% (for untreated inoculum) to 11.6%. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electro-kinetic evaluation indicated a higher bio-catalytic activity at the anode of the MFC inoculated with lauric acid pretreated sludge. With the lauric acid pretreated inoculum a higher catalytic current of 114 mA, exchange current density of 40.78 mA/m(2) and lower charge transfer resistance of 0.00016 Ωm(2) were observed during oxidation at the anode. Addition of lauric acid significantly achieved suppression of methanogenesis and enhanced the sustainable power generation of MFC by 3.9 times as compared with control MFC inoculated with sludge without any pretreatment.
Pub.: 30 Oct '14, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: Loss of substrate due to methanogenesis reduces Coulombic efficiency (CE) of the microbial fuel cell (MFC) significantly. Hexadecatrienoic acid present in the marine algae Chaetoceros inhibits the growth of methanogenic archaea. Influence of Chaetoceros pre-treated mixed anaerobic sludge on the electrogenic activity of MFC was evaluated. A MFC inoculated with Chaetoceros pre-treated mixed anaerobic sludge demonstrated maximum CE of 45.18%, with volumetric power density of 21.43W/m(3) and current density of 93A/m(3). Cyclic voltammetry indicated higher electron discharge on the anode surface due to suppression of methanogenesis. Tafel analysis also showed a higher exchange current density and a lower Tafel slope and charge transfer resistance, indicating advantage of this pre-treatment method in reducing the cell internal losses. A 60% reduction in specific methanogenic activity was observed in anaerobic sludge pre-treated with Chaetoceros; emphasizing significance of this pretreatment for suppressing methanogenesis and its utility for enhancing electricity generation in MFC.
Pub.: 16 Jan '15, Pinned: 30 Aug '17