A pinboard by
Zia Sultana

A Public Health Practitioner and qualitative researcher


How violent extremism defined by Community women

Research area: Violent Extremism Summary: The Formative Research served as an opportunity to explore current Violent Extremism (VE) trends in a marginalized community of Karachi, Pakistan with the support of a National NGO named Women Is a Nation (WIN) .The main thrust of this research study was to investigate violence extremism, violence, types of violence, and rationale behind each act of violence. The ultimate aim was to determine the extent of violent behavior and strategies to teach community women how to deal with it. The findings showed a greater evidence of women being victims of two or more types of violence; Additionally, results of the formative research had found similar outcomes, highlighting the interlacement of the physical, verbal and psychological aggression, expressing that imposition of several types of violence seems to be associated to the higher seriousness of the witnesses and the demand for specific services.


Breast-feeding counselling mitigates the negative association of domestic violence on exclusive breast-feeding duration in rural Bangladesh. The MINIMat randomized trial.

Abstract: To determine if exclusive breast-feeding counselling modifies the association of experience of any lifetime or specific forms of domestic violence (DV) on duration of exclusive breast-feeding (EBF).In the MINIMat trial pregnant women were randomized to receive either usual health messages (UHM) or usual health messages with breast-feeding counselling (BFC) in eight visits. During pregnancy (30 weeks), lifetime experience of any or specific forms of DV was measured. Infant feeding practice information was collected from 0 to 6 months at 15 d intervals.Matlab, Bangladesh.Pregnant and postpartum women (n 3186) and their infants.Among women in the UHM group, those who had experienced any lifetime DV exclusively breast-fed for a shorter duration than women who did not experience any lifetime DV (P=0·02). There was no difference, however, in duration of EBF among women in the BFC group based on their experience of any lifetime DV exposure (P=0·48). Using Cox regression analysis, there was an interaction of exposure to any lifetime DV, sexual violence and controlling behaviour, and counselling group with duration of breast-feeding at or before 6 months (P-interaction≤0·08). Among the UHM group, experience of any lifetime DV, sexual violence or controlling behaviour was associated with fewer days of EBF (P<0·05). In contrast, among the BFC group, experience of DV was not associated with duration of EBF.The experience of DV compromises EBF and the support of breast-feeding counselling programmes could assist this vulnerable group towards better infant feeding practices.

Pub.: 01 Jul '17, Pinned: 04 Jul '17

Motivations for participating in a non-interventional gender-based violence survey in a low-income setting in South Africa.

Abstract: Qualitative study of motivations to participate in research into violence and other sensitive issues can help interpretation of findings from community based quantitative surveys. It is equally important to conduct research that may enable a deeper understanding on what motivates people to participate in GBV studies. To date, not much research has been conducted to investigate the factors that influence non-enrolment and enrolment in GBV studies from the viewpoint of the real participants. The present study sought to explore people's reasons for participating in a non-intervention GBV community-based survey in Gauteng province, South Africa.Twenty-two qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with adult black African men and women who had participated in a gender-based violence survey conducted in a low-income setting in South Africa.Some participants reported motives for survey participation which could be interpreted as altruistic. Their motives included a desire to contribute to advancement of knowledge and to share life experiences so that unknown others could learn from these experiences. Yet, some participants hoped their participation will result in personal benefit or that they may be helped with their socio-economic challenges. The analysis further revealed a complex relationship between altruism and self-interest motives for participating in the survey amongst some of the participants.We conclude that it is difficult to discern which motive was primary or preceded the other. This is because such motives are not fixed, probably multiple and owing to their fluidity, may shift in people's minds at different times and depending on the nature of the conversation. Moreover, there may be a shift in the weight given to different motives over time.

Pub.: 01 Jul '17, Pinned: 04 Jul '17

Workplace violence against physicians in Turkey's emergency departments: a cross-sectional survey.

Abstract: We aimed to determine the prevalence of violence directed at emergency department (ED) physicians in Turkey and confirm the factors influencing such violence.Cross-sectional survey study.Country of Turkey.Physicians currently practising in EDs in Turkey.The prevalence of violence directed at physicians and factors that may influence it, such as physicians' personal characteristics, ED characteristics and physicians' opinions regarding the causes of and suggested methods of preventing violence.A total of 713 physicians participated. Of these, 78.1% reported being subjected to violence in the past year and 65.9% reported more than one such incident. Being subjected to violence was related to age (p=0.008), working in an ED with a high patient admission rate (p=0.018), current position (p<0.001), working outside regular work hours (p<0.001), working in a state hospital (p<0.001) and level of experience (p<0.001). Gender, type of patient typically seen, region and patient waiting period did not influence subjection to violence. The present safety precautions against violence do not appear to influence the prevalence of violence.Our results indicated that ED physicians' experience of violence is related to personal characteristics such as age and level of expertise, and hospital and ED characteristics such as high patient admission rates. Presently, no measures taken to reduce this violence have been proven effective.

Pub.: 01 Jul '17, Pinned: 04 Jul '17