Ph.D Student, National University of Singapore
Novel nanoelectronic applications based on spin- and valley-dependent quantum transport.
My research interest is mainly based on condensed matter physics and applications in Dirac and Weyl semimetals. Such spacial materials provide many remarkable electronic features that may pave the way for novel nanoelectronic devices. I am currently working at the forefront of nanoelectronics, i.e., in investigating the transport and device potential of Dirac and Weyl semimetals. The topological nature of such materials have only recently been uncovered, and could potentially herald a new era of robust, energy‐efficient, and high‐ speed electronics. I have also investigated the strain effect to separate valley electrons pertinent to the emerging field of valleytronics in novel two‐dimensional conductors such as graphene and silicene.
Abstract: The so-called Klein paradox - unimpeded penetration of relativistic particles through high and wide potential barriers - is one of the most exotic and counterintuitive consequences of quantum electrodynamics (QED). The phenomenon is discussed in many contexts in particle, nuclear and astro- physics but direct tests of the Klein paradox using elementary particles have so far proved impossible. Here we show that the effect can be tested in a conceptually simple condensed-matter experiment by using electrostatic barriers in single- and bi-layer graphene. Due to the chiral nature of their quasiparticles, quantum tunneling in these materials becomes highly anisotropic, qualitatively different from the case of normal, nonrelativistic electrons. Massless Dirac fermions in graphene allow a close realization of Klein's gedanken experiment whereas massive chiral fermions in bilayer graphene offer an interesting complementary system that elucidates the basic physics involved.
Pub.: 14 Aug '06, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: We propose a highly efficient silicene device for dual spin and valley filtering. The device consists of two different barrier regions: the first is a region under uniaxial strain, with an exchange field induced by adjacent top and bottom magnetic insulators, while the second comprises of two ferromagnetic stripes which produces a delta-function fringe magnetic field, and a gate electrode to modify the electrochemical potential. For the first region, we investigated the effect of the uniaxial strain in inducing angular separation of the two valley spins in momentum-space, and further spin separation by the spin dependent electric potential induced by the exchange field. We then evaluated the delta-function magnetic field and electrochemical potential combination in the second region to yield the transverse displacement for the selection of the requisite spin-valley combination. We demonstrated the optimal conditions in the first barrier to induce a highly anisotropic transmission profile, which enables controllable and efficient filtering (> 90% efficiency) by the second region for all four spin-valley combinations. Based on the analytical results, we predict the feasibility of experimental realization of dual spin-valley silicene-based filtering device.
Pub.: 02 Feb '16, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: In large quantum systems multipartite entanglement can be found in many inequivalent classes under local operations and classical communication. Preparing states of arbitrary size in different classes is important for performing a wide range of quantum protocols. W states, in particular, constitute a class with a variety of quantum networking protocols. However, all known schemes for preparing W states are probabilistic, with resource requirements increasing at least sub-exponentially. We propose a deterministic scheme for preparing W states that requires no prior entanglement and can be performed locally. We introduce an all-optical setup that can efficiently prepare W states of arbitrary size. Our scheme advances the use of W states in real-world quantum networks and could be extended to other physical systems.
Pub.: 11 Feb '16, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: Klein tunneling refers to the absence of normal backscattering of electrons even under the case of high potential barriers. At the barrier interface, the perfect matching of electron and hole wavefunctions enables a unit transmission probability for normally incident electrons. It is theoretically and experimentally well understood in two-dimensional relativistic materials such as graphene. Here we investigate the Klein tunneling effect in Weyl semimetals under the influence of magnetic field induced by ferromagnetic stripes placed at barrier boundaries. Our results show that the resonance of Fermi wave vector at specific barrier lengths gives rise to perfect transmission rings, i.e., three-dimensional analogue of the so-called magic transmission angles in two-dimensional Dirac semimetals. Besides, the transmission profile can be shifted by application of magnetic field in the central region, a property which may be utilized in electro-optic applications. When the applied potential is close to the Fermi level, a particular incident vector can be selected by tuning the magnetic field, thus enabling highly selective transmission of electrons in the bulk of Weyl semimetals. Our analytical and numerical calculations obtained by considering Dirac electrons in three regions and using experimentally feasible parameters can pave the way for relativistic tunneling applications in Weyl semimetals.
Pub.: 13 Dec '16, Pinned: 30 Aug '17
Abstract: Tunneling transport across the p-n-p junction of Weyl semimetal with tilted energy dispersion is investigated. We report that the electrons around different valleys experience opposite direction refractions at the barrier interface when the energy dispersion is tilted along one of the transverse directions. Chirality dependent refractions at the barrier interface polarize the Weyl fermions in angle-space according to their valley index. A real magnetic barrier configuration is used to select allowed transmission angles, which results in electrically controllable and switchable valley polarization. Our findings may pave the way for experimental investigation of valley polarization, as well as valleytronic and electron optic applications in Weyl semimetals.
Pub.: 19 May '17, Pinned: 30 Aug '17