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A pinboard by
Juan Manuel Gomba

Professor, UCSB (currently at UNCPBA, argentina)

PINBOARD SUMMARY

Control of the displacement of small volumes for mixing, reaction and separation of liquid species.

Here we present the thermocapillary migration of droplets of partially wetting liquids on a non-uniform heated substrate. The model includes the effect of a non-zero contact angle introduced through a disjoining–conjoining pressure term. Instead of assuming a fixed shape for the droplet, as in previous works, here we allow the droplet to change its profile with time. We identify and describe three different regimes of behaviour. For small contact angles, the droplet spreads into a long film profile with a capillary ridge near the leading edge, a behaviour that resembles the experiments on Marangoni films reported by Ludviksson & Lightfoot (Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. J., vol. 17, 1971, pp. 1166). For large contact angles, the droplet moves as a single entity, weakly distorted from its static shape. This regime is the usual one reported in experiments on thermocapillary migration of droplets. We also show some intriguing morphologies that appear in the transition between these two regimes. The occurrence of these three regimes and their dependence on various parameters is analysed.

3 ITEMS PINNED

Final state of a perturbed liquid film inside a container under the effect of solid-liquid molecular forces and gravity.

Abstract: We investigate theoretically the possible final stationary configurations that can be reached by a laterally confined uniform liquid film inside a container. The liquid is under the action of gravity, surface tension, and the molecular interaction with the solid substrate. We study the case when the container is in an upright position as well as when it is turned upside down. The governing parameters of the problem are the initial thickness of the film, the size of the recipient that contains the liquid, and a dimensionless number that quantifies the relative strength of gravity with respect to the molecular interaction. The uniform film is always a possible final state and depending on the value of the parameters, up to three different additional final states may exist, each one consisting in a droplet surrounded by a thin film. We derive analytical expressions for the energy of these possible final configurations and from these we analyze which state is indeed reached. A uniform thin film may show three different behaviors after a perturbation: The system recovers its initial shape after any perturbation, the fluid evolves towards a drop (if more than one is possible, it tends toward that with the thinnest precursor film) for any perturbation, or the system ends as a uniform film or a drop depending on the details of the perturbation.

Pub.: 16 May '14, Pinned: 07 Jun '17