A pinboard by
Leah Angela Cioco

Editor-in-chief, St. John's Institute


The research qualitatively identifies the culture of the Philippines regarding Ecological Programs.

The lack of Solid Waste Management is one of the major problems faced by the Philippines and other developing countries today (Inquirer.net, 2017). Proper garbage disposal or solid waste management will, without a doubt, impact these nations, specifically, the Philippines, in a positive way. It will not only keep our surroundings clean and free from pollution, but will also be a means for our people to have a better way of living. After all, having a good waste management scheme and incorporating the services of a team of professionals is greatly important for the sustainability of the environment. This study on the culture and behavior of selected households in the Philippines concerning the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (R.A. 9003) is significant to each of the following. Students. The results of the study can provide students further information about the culture and behavior of selected households in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao concerning the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (R.A. 9003) that could help raise awareness of the resolution present in their community especially those pertaining to the environment. Households. The study can serve as their source of information about the proper Solid Waste Management and raise awareness among their neighborhood about the proper Solid Waste Management. Also, the study provided knowledge to them about the need to reduce waste in the environment. Community. It recommended solutions and actions for the assessment of efforts in improving solid waste management. Moreover, the study can serve as reference for promoting the progression of their community in managing solid waste since the study is about the culture and behavior of selected households in the Philippines concerning the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 (R.A. 9003). Local Government Units (LGUs). The study can be their guide in their own adoption and creation of their own policy of action about solid waste management. It is also significant to the LGUs particularly those who encounter difficulties in managing their solid waste. Lawmakers. It is significant to lawmakers for they can pass future laws pertaining to the environment that further addresses the problem of waste management in the Philippines. The study could be an additional relevant information to their assessment if the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 200 (R.A. 9003) is capable enough to resolve the issues of the economy.


Solid-waste management practices of households in Manila, Philippines.

Abstract: The experiences and practices of household waste management of people in a barangay (village) in Manila, Philippines are documented. The data were gathered through an interview with household members using open-ended questions. Interviews were also conducted with garbage collectors as well as scavengers. Results showed that the households generated an average of 3.2 kg of solid waste per day, or 0.50 kg/capita/day. The types of wastes commonly generated are food/kitchen wastes, papers, PET bottles, metals, and cans, boxes/cartons, glass bottles, cellophane/plastics, and yard/garden wastes. The respondents segregate their wastes into PET bottles, glass bottles, and other waste (mixed wastes). No respondents perform composting. It is worth noting, however, that burning of waste is not done by the respondents. The households rely on garbage collection by the government. Collection is done twice daily, except Sundays, and household members bring their garbage when the garbage truck arrives. However, there are those who dump their garbage in nondesignated pick-up points, usually in a corner of the street. The dumped garbage becomes a breeding ground for disease-causing organisms. Some household respondents said that it is possible that the dumping in certain areas caused the dengue fever suffered by some of their family members. Mothers and household helpers are responsible for household waste management. Scavengers generally look for recyclable items in the dumped garbage. All of them said that it is their only source of income, which is generally not enough for their meals. They are also aware that their work affects their health. Most of the respondents said that garbage collection and disposal is the responsibility of the government. The results of the study showed that RA 9003, also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, is not fully implemented in Metro Manila.

Pub.: 11 Nov '08, Pinned: 13 Apr '18

Policy implementation of the Republic Act (RA) No. 9003 in the Philippines: a case study of Cebu City.

Abstract: Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is considered to be one of the most serious environmental issues in the Philippines. The annual waste generation was estimated at 10.6 million tonnes in 2012 and this is expected to double in 2025. The Republic Act (RA) No. 9003, widely known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, provides the required policy framework, institutional mechanisms and mandate to the Local Government Units (LGUs) to achieve 25% waste reduction target through establishing an integrated solid waste management plan based on the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycling). Although the initial impact of the LGUs is still very limited in implementing the national mandate, this article highlights the successful experiences of Cebu, the second largest city in the Philippines, in reducing its MSW generation by more than 30% in the past three years. This study also explores the implementation process, innovative actions taken by the Cebu City Government in implementing the national mandate at local level and identifies the factors that influence the policy implementation. The findings suggest that the impacts of the national mandate can be achieved if the LGUs have the high degree of political commitment, planning and development of effective local strategies in a collaborative manner to meet with local conditions, partnership building with other stakeholders, capacity development, adequate financing and incentives, and in the close monitoring and evaluation of performance.

Pub.: 28 Nov '13, Pinned: 13 Apr '18