Research Fellow , International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, ICARDA
The study aims to identify the current reality of women in the Arab region, especially in countries suffering from crises and wars, and the challenges facing them particularly in their participation in the labor market, in order to find strategies for empowering and developing women and their families, and refer the recomendationes to the decision makers, through a case study on the Syrian women and their response to the six-year war in Syria. As well as to monitor the situation of the Syrian refugee women in Lebanon. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, a field survey was conducted for the Suweida governorate in the southern area of Syria, using the questionnaire in 2014-2015 by selecting random sample of 84 families. In Lebanon, Ten focus group discussions were held for Syrian refugee women in 2016-2017, In addition to the personal interview by a questionnaire. The unit of the study is women (displaced, non-displaced, and refugee) who is the breadwinner of the family. The data has been processed and analyed by statistical programs ( EXCEL, SPSS) as well as to analyzing the results. The study showed many results, the most important of which was that women became the breadwinners, Inside Syria, this was evident in (40%) of the families surveyed, the results showed also that the percentage of women who did not work in the targeted sample decreased by approximately (30%) before the crisis, the study found that all the displaced families are under The poverty line(1$/day) and more than (82%) of the all families. Women who got benefited from development projects through microcredit and training reduced their risk of poverty to 23.77%. The study in Lebanon showed that women are the basis of the agricultural work in Lebanon by (54%), with a gender wage gap which is around $ 6 /day. Syrian Women in Lebanon work in harsh and tough work conditiones, and the all female-headed households fall under The poverty line(4$/day). The study also recommended some mechanisms that would improve the living standards of the affected families and alleviate the war concequences for Syrian families, especially women headed families inside and outside Syria.
Abstract: While contingency planning may provide a perspective for anticipating critical incidents, supply chain managers must develop competencies to address the long-term disruptions that stem from both natural and man-made disasters. The broad-reaching nature of disasters brings public and private entities together and often requires collaboration to revitalize disrupted supply chains. Leveraging supply chain governance logic through the dual lenses of resource management and competing values, a research framework is introduced to address the nature of public–private short-term collaboration and its influence on supply chain resilience. The largely unstudied concept of short-term collaboration is at the heart of a model focusing on the alignment and adjustment of potentially disparate organizational values (public/private) to establish collective responsiveness while facilitating the fulfillment of mutual goals for a single event and/or discrete repeat events. We offer research propositions pertaining to the model and conclude with a discussion of managerial implications and the dire need for future research.
Pub.: 02 Mar '17, Pinned: 30 Aug '17