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Research Fellow , International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, ICARDA


The study aims to identify the current reality of women in the Arab region, especially in countries suffering from crises and wars, and the challenges facing them particularly in their participation in the labor market, in order to find strategies for empowering and developing women and their families, and refer the recomendationes to the decision makers, through a case study on the Syrian women and their response to the six-year war in Syria. As well as to monitor the situation of the Syrian refugee women in Lebanon. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, a field survey was conducted for the Suweida governorate in the southern area of Syria, using the questionnaire in 2014-2015 by selecting random sample of 84 families. In Lebanon, Ten focus group discussions were held for Syrian refugee women in 2016-2017, In addition to the personal interview by a questionnaire. The unit of the study is women (displaced, non-displaced, and refugee) who is the breadwinner of the family. The data has been processed and analyed by statistical programs ( EXCEL, SPSS) as well as to analyzing the results. The study showed many results, the most important of which was that women became the breadwinners, Inside Syria, this was evident in (40%) of the families surveyed, the results showed also that the percentage of women who did not work in the targeted sample decreased by approximately (30%) before the crisis, the study found that all the displaced families are under The poverty line(1$/day) and more than (82%) of the all families. Women who got benefited from development projects through microcredit and training reduced their risk of poverty to 23.77%. The study in Lebanon showed that women are the basis of the agricultural work in Lebanon by (54%), with a gender wage gap which is around $ 6 /day. Syrian Women in Lebanon work in harsh and tough work conditiones, and the all female-headed households fall under The poverty line(4$/day). The study also recommended some mechanisms that would improve the living standards of the affected families and alleviate the war concequences for Syrian families, especially women headed families inside and outside Syria.