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I have edited several manuscripts discussing future car technology and done my own studies.


Ford and General Motors have made great strides recently to compete with Tesla in electric cars.

In 10 seconds? Tesla has revolutionized the electric car industry, but other car manufacturers have caught up, and maybe surpassed, Tesla technology. However, their social image is much worse than Tesla's.

Don’t believe it? Here are several articles that either show plans of new technology or existing technology of Ford or General Motors, Tesla's upcoming models so you can compare them, or studies that show how Tesla has obtained a good social perceptions, while the existing manufacturers have obtained a poor social perception.

Which is better? Tesla is known for developing an electric car that is high quality. In addition, they have been phenomenal at advertising on social media and showing their assisted driving capabilities. However, their cars have high costs and the company has not begun to make a profit. In contrast Tesla's competition, such as Ford and General Motors, has been developing electric cars of their own that have ever-increasing battery life and range for the vehicles.

In addition, Tesla's completion has also been investing in assisted driving technology and have been including the technology in the cars they are selling. These developments and investments by Tesla's completion has closed the gap between their technology and Tesla's, and their technology may be even more advanced than Tesla's. However, Tesla's social media's image is still much better than the competition with regard to electric cars, which this perception can be seen between Tesla's and General Motors' or Ford's stock price.


Valuation of plug-in vehicle life-cycle air emissions and oil displacement benefits.

Abstract: We assess the economic value of life-cycle air emissions and oil consumption from conventional vehicles, hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs), and battery electric vehicles in the US. We find that plug-in vehicles may reduce or increase externality costs relative to grid-independent HEVs, depending largely on greenhouse gas and SO(2) emissions produced during vehicle charging and battery manufacturing. However, even if future marginal damages from emissions of battery and electricity production drop dramatically, the damage reduction potential of plug-in vehicles remains small compared to ownership cost. As such, to offer a socially efficient approach to emissions and oil consumption reduction, lifetime cost of plug-in vehicles must be competitive with HEVs. Current subsidies intended to encourage sales of plug-in vehicles with large capacity battery packs exceed our externality estimates considerably, and taxes that optimally correct for externality damages would not close the gap in ownership cost. In contrast, HEVs and PHEVs with small battery packs reduce externality damages at low (or no) additional cost over their lifetime. Although large battery packs allow vehicles to travel longer distances using electricity instead of gasoline, large packs are more expensive, heavier, and more emissions intensive to produce, with lower utilization factors, greater charging infrastructure requirements, and life-cycle implications that are more sensitive to uncertain, time-sensitive, and location-specific factors. To reduce air emission and oil dependency impacts from passenger vehicles, strategies to promote adoption of HEVs and PHEVs with small battery packs offer more social benefits per dollar spent.

Pub.: 29 Sep '11, Pinned: 14 Apr '17