Student, Northwestern University
A Primary Care-Based Program to Enhance Positive Parenting in Low-Income Families
Interactive play is crucial for the successful psychological and motor skill development of toddlers. Children in families of lower socioeconomic status often have hampered playtime experiences, due to a lack of resources for toys and the struggle of their working parents to find time to play. Sit Down & Play aims to promote play and measure the quality of parent-child interactions. Pediatricians introduce play into the children’s lives by teaching parents play techniques in the office, hoping that the habits will continue at home. What is still needed is a method to track adherence in their private lives. Primary care physicians serve as intervention initiation, providing lower income families with toys and strategies for playing with their children. Knowing the importance of child-parent interaction and child-parent-toy interaction in children early stage, the primary goal of SD&P is to assess the amount of time the toy is used by the child and parent at home in a non-intrusive manner.
Abstract: Play is essential to the social, emotional, cognitive, and physical well-being of children beginning in early childhood. It is a natural tool for children to develop resiliency as they learn to cooperate, overcome challenges, and negotiate with others. Play also allows children to be creative. It provides time for parents to be fully engaged with their children, to bond with their children, and to see the world from the perspective of their child. However, children who live in poverty often face socioeconomic obstacles that impede their rights to have playtime, thus affecting their healthy social-emotional development. For children who are underresourced to reach their highest potential, it is essential that parents, educators, and pediatricians recognize the importance of lifelong benefits that children gain from play.
Pub.: 28 Dec '11, Pinned: 25 Jun '17
Abstract: This study examined the relations of parent-youth agreement and disagreement during a joint problem-solving task and multi-methodological indices of socioemotional outcomes in adolescents (Mean age = 13). One hundred and sixty seven parents and their adolescent children participated. Each parent-youth pair played the interactive game Jenga, and their interactions were analyzed for frequency of elaborations (agreement during three or more conversational turns) and negotiations (disagreement during three or more conversational turns). Elaborations during parent-youth interactions were related to less negative classroom behavior, better self-regulation, and more task persistence in youth. Findings are discussed in light of the importance of parent-youth interaction and youth autonomy in adolescent socioemotional development.
Pub.: 01 Nov '09, Pinned: 25 Jun '17
Abstract: Parental factors may play an important role in influencing children's physical activity levels.This cross-sectional study sought to describe the locations of joint physical activity among parents and children.Parent-child pairs (N = 291) wore an Actigraph GT2M accelerometer and GlobalSat BT-335 global positioning systems (GPS) device over the same 7-day period. Children were ages 8-14 years. Joint behavior was defined by a linear separation distance of less than 50 m between parent and child. Land use classifications were assigned to GPS datapoints.Joint physical activity was spread across residential locations (35 %), and commercial venues (24 %), and open spaces/parks (20 %). Obese children and parents performed less joint physical activity in open spaces/parks than under/normal weight children and parents (ps < 0.01).Understanding where joint parent-child physical activity naturally occurs may inform location-based interventions to promote these behaviors.
Pub.: 27 Sep '12, Pinned: 25 Jun '17