Doctorate, Walden University
There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria. This is mainly attributed to limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health care providers. The impact of the poor oral health awareness is worse in Northern Nigeria due to the uneven distribution of oral health care workers and training facilities. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Nigeria as sources of oral health information. Theoretical framework for this study was the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Background knowledge and practices of oral health care by CPs were assessed as related to their demographic characteristics. A 1 sample t-test was used to assess CPs’ knowledge of oral health. A binary logistic regression model was conducted to evaluate if some demographic variables could predict Plateau State CPs’ interest in becoming more involved in provision of services on oral health problems. According to the study findings, the CPs had a good disposition towards engaging in oral health prevention services by providing some oral health services to patients with oral health problems. In addition, 94.7% of the CPs were willing to advance the cause of oral health care. The disposition of CPs towards oral health could serve as a platform to help propagate oral health care and awareness in their communities. Engaging the CPs might help reduce oral health disparities by increasing oral health awareness, improving oral health-seeking behavior and oral hygiene practices, and improving quality of life via cost effective delivery of pharmacy-based oral health care services.
Abstract: Joycelyn Odegua Eigbobo, Chinonso Claude Obiajunwa European Journal of General Dentistry 2016 5(2):74-79 Background: Regular use of dental services has been associated with optimal oral health. Reports in some parts of Nigeria have shown the poor utilization of dental services, but there is a paucity of information relating to oral health care seeking behavior in the South-South region of Nigeria. Aim: To determine the pattern of utilization and identify barriers to utilization of dental services among children. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study done among children aged 12-15 years in secondary schools in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Information was elicited by means of a self-administered structured questionnaire. These included sociodemographic characteristics, views on dental visits, reported visits during the previous year, pattern of dental visits, and the barriers to utilization. Demographic variables and associations were tested using Chi-squared tests with the level of statistical significance set at P < 0.05 at 95% confidence interval. Results: There were 200 school children; 98 (49%) males and 102 (51%) females with a mean age of 13.3 (1.1) years. Dental visits were deemed important by 187 (93.5%) children, and 32.0% respondents suggested that visits should be when there are symptoms. Only 42 (21%) pupils had been to the dentist in the last 12 months. The barriers to utilization of dental services majorly included no perceived needs (64.3%). Demographic variables had no significant association with reported visits and pattern of visits. Conclusion: Utilization of dental services among these school children was low and the major barrier was no perceived need. Oral health awareness needs to be improved on the importance of a regular checkup.
Pub.: 01 Apr '16, Pinned: 07 Jun '17
Abstract: There is increasing emphasis on pharmacists' assuming responsibility for public health promotion and delivery with formal expansion of public health activities in their practice. A number of pharmacy school accreditation bodies now incorporate public health competencies within expected professional training outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize pharmacy student perceptions towards pharmacist public health services roles and responsibilities.All undergraduate students at the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University were surveyed 1 week following a student-led breast cancer awareness event. A questionnaire was devised from a literature review and comprised of 10 questions assessing pharmacy student motivations, perceptions and anticipated comfort with various pharmacist-conducted public health activities.Ninety-four per cent of students responded, most having participated in the breast cancer awareness event. They generally felt pharmacist participation in such health promotions would enhance the profession's profile among patients (75.1%) and colleagues (89.6%), but recognized that other health professionals may be unfamiliar with certain pharmacist activities in this regard. Students considered knowledge of disease aetiology and diagnosis necessary for pharmacists (97.9%), as well as the obligation to offer non-pharmacological patient counselling (73.8%). Many (61.7%) anticipated comfort in communicating potentially culturally sensitive health matters both to patients in their own practice site or as a spokesperson to the general public.Undergraduate pharmacy students in our College of Pharmacy expressed favourable attitudes towards public health roles of pharmacists. Early enthusiasm for participation in public health activities is valuable for building communication skills, promoting leadership and potentially influencing practising pharmacists.
Pub.: 11 May '11, Pinned: 07 Jun '17
Abstract: The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether pharmacists recognised that they have a role in the promotion of oral health advice within the community.A cross sectional survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire which was distributed to randomly selected pharmacies (n = 1,500) in the London area.Six hundred and forty-five pharmacies (43%) responded to the initial invitation and 589 (39%) of pharmacy participants acknowledged that pharmacists should have a role in oral health promotion. Participants from 354 pharmacies (23.6%) subsequently agreed to complete the questionnaire. Of those pharmacies completing the questionnaire, 99.4% of the pharmacy participants recognised that there was a role for pharmacists in oral health promotion. Although 91.5% of the pharmacists reported a fairly high level of knowledge for most of the common oral conditions, they also indicated that they were interested in receiving further training on oral conditions through continuing professional development (CPD) courses. A number of the pharmacies (72.5%) expressed a willingness to incorporate oral health promotion within the NHS pharmacy contract.Pharmacies may be used effectively in oral health promotion by virtue of their frequent contact with members of public. As a result of their established role in promoting and improving the health within the community, it may possible to incorporate oral health within the existing NHS contract.
Pub.: 15 Mar '15, Pinned: 07 Jun '17
Abstract: The involvement of community pharmacists in oral health promotion is being increasingly recognised and studied. However, a large proportion of interactions in community pharmacies take place with pharmacy counter assistants rather than the pharmacist, and the role of pharmacy counter assistants in oral health promotion has received little or no attention until now.To clarify the current state of affairs on pharmacy counter assistants' involvement with oral health promotion.A postal-questionnaire-based survey of pharmacy counter assistants across East Yorkshire, North Lincolnshire and the Doncaster area. One hundred addresses were included and 35 responses were received.Pharmacy counter assistants are infrequently approached by the public for advice on matters of oral health and advice is not often volunteered despite a reasonable knowledge of the subject. Respondents identified a role for themselves in educating patients/customers, which they are keen to expand.The expansion of the pharmacy counter assistant's role in oral health promotion would be of value to patients/customers. This should include increased opportunistic education and a more integrated position of pharmacy within a holistic health promotion strategy.
Pub.: 15 Nov '11, Pinned: 07 Jun '17