Lecturer , International university of Africa


Case study of Sudanese national project for development of rural women

The research area is the economic empowerment of women and its effect in improving the income of families and in participation of women in community development ,the research will discusses the national and international agreements ,declarations ,mechanisms and constitution that deals with the right to women economic .the research will study the case of the Sudanese national project for empowerment of Sudanese rural women which emoluments by moonstruck of welfare affairs in partner with a non governmental organization named Sudanese women General union that spreader in all states of Sudan ,the research will discuses the lmpact of the project in families and societies ,positive and negative lmpact ,the opportunities and challenges of the project ,by field study ,meetings ,and filling questioner ,and data analysis to reach the results ,finall recommendations .


Sustainability, Vol. 8, Pages 1231: Indicators for the Analysis of Peasant Women’s Equity and Empowerment Situations in a Sustainability Framework: A Case Study of Cacao Production in Ecuador

Abstract: Family agriculture is a fundamental pillar in the construction of agroecological agri-food alternatives fostering processes of sustainable rural development where social equity represents a central aspect. Despite agroecology’s critical openness, this area has not yet incorporated an explicit gender approach allowing an appropriate problematization and analysis of the cultural inequalities of gender relations in agriculture, women’s empowerment processes and their nexus with sustainability. This work presents an organized proposal of indicators to approach and analyze the degree of peasant women’s equity and empowerment within a wide sustainability framework. After a thorough bibliographical review, 34 equity and empowerment indicators were identified and organized into six basic theoretical dimensions. Following the collection of empirical data (from 20 cacao-producing families), the indicators were analyzed and reorganized on the basis of hierarchical cluster analysis and explanatory interdependence into a new set of six empirical dimensions: (1) access to resources, education and social participation; (2) economic-personal autonomy and self-esteem; (3) gender gaps (labor rights, health, work and physical violence); (4) techno-productive decision-making and remunerated work; (5) land ownership and mobility; and (6) diversification of responsibilities and social and feminist awareness. Additionally, a case study is presented that analyzes equity and empowerment in the lives of two rural cacao-producing peasant women in Ecuador.

Pub.: 25 Nov '16, Pinned: 06 Sep '17