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The research focuses on the small-hydro-power a solution to Africa hydro-power situation since the establishment of widespread small hydro-power by the use of Pump as Turbine can help overcome the current power crisis and play a role in the economic progress of the Region. The paper draws conclusions on the importance of implementing Pump as turbine for small hydro-power development in Africa. It highlights on small scale hydro-power potential sites in the region, challenges, the characteristics of pump as turbine has been discussed by comparing and analyzing the experimental results of pump working in turbine mode provided by some of the previous researchers and draw conclusion on pump as turbine for small scale hydro-power development as one of the most cost-effective energy technologies to be considered for electrification, stresses on the need to identify potential risks and also proposes guidelines to help future implementation of this technology in a better way.