PhD candidate, University of Ibadan
Religion is an important factor in many societies all over the world with endearment spreading across many facets of day-to-day activities of human life. Researchers have been considering the dynamics of religion and its effects on the society. This study examines the linguistic application of religion by politicians in Nigeria, in order to identify the strategies, purpose and pragmatic acts employed by these politicians. Speeches emanating from interviews (10), campaigns (5) and write-ups (5) of selected political figures in Nigeria between 2014 and 2017 were collected for analysis. Using Mey’s pragmatic acts theory, findings show that Nigerian politicians use religion as a means of gaining popularity. Religion is also deployed as a persuasive strategy in order to gain the supports of citizens who share the same or similar beliefs. Identifiable pragmatic acts include persuading, appealing, associating, and threatening. Although politics in Nigeria is highly interwoven with religion, the citizens, however, must be aware of the religious gimmicks used by politicians. They must, therefore, make conscious efforts at separating pretence from the reality and individual politician’s ability and capability towards good governance. Through this, an ideal society can be engendered.
Abstract: Despite condemnation of same-sex attraction by certain religious groups, few studies have explored the relationship between religion, same-sex attraction, and suicidality. This study examined the moderating effect of same-sex attraction on the relationship between parent/adolescent religiosity and suicide ideation/attempts in a suicidal adolescent sample (N = 129). Linear and negative binomial regressions tested the effects of a two-way dichotomous (same-sex attraction, yes/no) by continuous (religiosity) interaction on ideation and attempts, respectively. The interaction was not significant for ideation. However, high religiosity was associated with more attempts in youth reporting same-sex attraction but fewer attempts in those reporting opposite-sex attraction only.
Pub.: 21 Jul '17, Pinned: 29 Aug '17
Abstract: There is not a lot in the literature on disability in Nigeria concerning the role that religion, culture and beliefs play in sustaining discriminatory practices against persons with disabilities.Many of these practices are exclusionary in nature and unfair. They are either embedded in or sustained by religion, culture and beliefs about disability and persons with disabilities.Drawing on various resources and research on disability, this paper looks at these practices in respect of these sustaining factors. Some of the discriminatory practices that constitute the main focus of the paper are the trafficking and killing of people with mental illness, oculocutaneous albinism and angular kyphosis, raping of women with mental illness and the employment of children with disabilities for alms-begging.The examination of these practices lends some significant weight and substance to the social model of disability, which construes disability in the context of oppression and the failure of social environments and structures to adjust to the needs and aspirations of people with disabilities.Given the unfairness and wrongness of these practices they ought to be deplored. Moreover, the Nigerian government needs to push through legislation that targets cultural and religious practices which are discriminatory against persons with disabilities as well as undertake effective and appropriate measures aimed at protecting and advancing the interests of persons with disabilities.
Pub.: 22 Jul '17, Pinned: 29 Aug '17
Abstract: The study evaluated the pattern of severe maternal outcome, near miss indicators and associated patient and healthcare factors at a private referral hospital in rural Nigeria.This was a cross sectional study conducted from September 2014 to August 2015 in Madonna University Teaching Hospital Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria. Pregnant and postpartum women were recruited for the study using Nigeria near miss network proforma which was adopted from the WHO near miss proforma. We explored administrative, patient related and medical delays. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20.Of the 262 deliveries, 5 women died and 52 women had a near miss event. The maternal mortality rate was 1908/100,000. The maternal near miss mortality ratio was 11.4: 1 while the mortality index was 8.8%. Three out of the five deaths that occurred were in the age category of 20-24 years. Abortive outcome was the leading cause of maternal mortality contributing 2 of the 5 maternal mortality. The severe maternal outcome ratio was 218/1000 and maternal near miss incidence ratio was 198/1000. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy contributed 16(28.1%) of the 57 cases with severe maternal outcome while Obstetrics hemorrhage and abortive outcome each contributed 14(24.6%). 6(10.5%) received treatment within 30 min of diagnosis while 19(33.3%) waited for greater than 240 min before they received intervention. There was a statistically significant association between time of intervention and final maternal outcome (p-value = 0.003). Administrative delay was noted in 20 cases, while patient related delay was noted in 44 cases.There is a high burden of near miss and unmet need for reproductive health services in rural areas of Nigeria. Different levels of delays abound and contribute to the disease burden. Periodic reviews will aid in elimination of the delays. There should be better communication between different levels of care and emphasis should be on early identification and referral of women for prompt management.
Pub.: 30 Jul '17, Pinned: 29 Aug '17
Abstract: Authors: Uzoamaka P. Anakwe (Pace University, USA), Murugan Anandarajan (Drexel University, USA), Magid Igbaria (Claremont Graduate University, USA and Tel Aviv University, Israel)Volume/Issue: 7/2ISSN: 1062-7375EISSN: 1533-7995DOI: 10.4018/jgim.1999040102Date Posted: 4/1/1999 12:00:00 AM Abstract Researchers have responded to the challenges of information technology management by examining factors that affect or determine technology usage. However, these writings focused mainly on developed countries thereby limiting their generalizability to developing countries, which are developmentally and culturally different. This study examines how organizational support and computer experience affect microcomputer usage in a developing country - Nigeria. Both main and moderating effects of computer experience were examined. Data were collected from 143 employees working in nine organizations in Nigeria. The findings revealed that organizational support and computer experience both enhanced microcomputer usage. Further analyses revealed that for employees with high computer experience, organizational support will only promote the total applications used. However, for employees with low computer experience, organizational support contributed to their daily use of computers, their frequency of use, total application and total tasks performed using computers. Limitations and direction for future study are discussed. This article is available on IGI Global’s premier research database, InfoSci-Journals. To obtain a copy of this article, click here. For more information about the Journal of Global Information Management (JGIM) click here.
Pub.: 01 Apr '99, Pinned: 29 Aug '17