Research Assistant, University of Nairobi/African Leadership Centre
Kenya’s inequalities are rooted in history; with reference to sessional paper no 10 of 1965: African socialism and its application to Kenya. It declared that resources will be distributed to productive highland areas leaving the marginalized areas which are less productive. This Inequality has been the main driver of conflicts in Kenya’s Baringo County, Rift valley region. Political and resource-driven Conflicts between the Tugens1 , Turkanas and the Pokots have persisted over the years because of border disputes, cattle rustling and competition over land, pastures and water resources. Their forms of conflict have shifted from cattle rustling to mass injustices of killing neighboring communities facilitated by readily available illegal firms. The government has not addressed this issue adequately having in mind the second president , who comes from this region of conflict and ruled for 24 years did not address this issue. This paper will shed more light on why devolution, a model of decentralization has not addressed these challenges and analyze other major dynamics that have made political and resource-driven conflicts to persist for all these years since independence.
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