Assistant Professor, University of California, Riverside
We use quantum mechanical simulations to predict the electronic properties of new materials.
We present a detailed analysis of nonempirically tuned range-separated functionals, with both short- and long-range exchange, for calculating the static linear polarizability and second hyperpolarizabilities of various polydiacetylene (PDA) and polybutatriene (PBT) oligomers. Contrary to previous work on these systems, we find that the inclusion of some amount of short-range exchange does improve the accuracy of the computed polarizabilities and second hyperpolarizabilities. Most importantly, in contrast to prior studies on these oligomers, we find that the lowest-energy electronic states for PBT are not closed-shell singlets, and enhanced accuracy with range-separated DFT can be obtained by allowing the system to relax to a lower-energy broken-symmetry solution. Both the computed polarizabilities and second hyperpolarizabilities for PBT are significantly improved with these broken-symmetry solutions when compared to previously published and current benchmarks. In addition to these new analyses, we provide new large-scale CCSD(T) and explicitly correlated CCSD(T)-F12 benchmarks for the PDA and PBT systems, which comprise the most complete and accurate calculations of linear polarizabilities and second hyperpolarizabilities on these systems to date. These new CCSD(T) and CCSD(T)-F12 benchmarks confirm our DFT results and emphasize the importance of broken-symmetry effects when calculating polarizabilities and hyperpolarizabilties of π-conjugated chains.
Abstract: Using large-scale DFT calculations, we investigate the structural and electronic properties of both armchair and zigzag graphdiyne nanotubes as a function of size. To provide insight into these properties, we present new detailed calculations of the structural relaxation energy, effective electron/hole mass, and size-scaling of the bandgap as a function of size and chirality using accurate screened-exchange DFT calculations. These calculations provide a systematic evaluation of the structural and electronic properties of the largest graphdiyne nanotubes to date, up to 1296 atoms and 23328 basis functions. Our calculations show that zigzag graphdiyne nanotubes (GDNTs) are structurally more stable compared to armchair GDNTs of the same size. Furthermore, these large-scale calculations allow us to present simple analytical formulas to guide future experimental efforts for estimating the fundamental bandgaps of these unique nanotubes as a function of chirality and diameter. While the bandgaps for both the armchair and zigzag GDNTs can be tuned as a function of size, the conductivity in each of these two different chiralities is markedly different. Zigzag GDNTs have wider valence and conduction bands and are expected to have a higher electron- and hole-mobility than their armchair counterparts.
Pub.: 02 Aug '16, Pinned: 07 Jun '17
Abstract: Using a variety of density functional theory (DFT) methods, we present a systematic computational screening effort to analyze the chemical and radiation stability for a large number of anions and cations that constitute room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). We compute various electronic properties such as the HOMO–LUMO gap, the ionization potential, and the electron affinities for a large library of ions (42 cations and 42 anions). The theoretical analysis provides the most comprehensive characterization of the chemical and radiation stability of individual ions in RTILs to date. Our calculations reveal that cation stability is closely related to constituent alkyl chain length and branching, whereas the anion stability is mostly dictated by ion size and electronegativity. Furthermore, these calculations show that the ωB97XD functional is the most internally consistent for predicting the chemical and radiation stability. These calculations establish a chemical stability database and a theoretical procedure for further experimental and computational studies of RTILs.
Pub.: 10 Nov '16, Pinned: 07 Jun '17
Abstract: Electronic excitations in the liquid phase are surprisingly rich and considerably more complex than either gas-phase or solid-state systems. While the majority of physical and biological processes take place in solvent, our understanding of nonequilibrium excited-state processes in these condensed phase environments remains far from complete. A central and long-standing issue in these solvated environments is the assessment of many-body interactions, particularly when the entire system is out of equilibrium and many quantum states participate in the overall process. Here we present a microscopic picture of solute–solvent electron dynamics and solvatochromic effects, which we uncover using a new real-time quantum dynamics approach for extremely large solvated nanodroplets. In particular, we find that a complex interplay of quantum interactions underlies our observations of solute–solvent effects, and simple macroscopic solvatochromic shifts can even be qualitatively different at the microscopic molecular level in these systems. By treating both the solvent and the solute on the same footing at a quantum-mechanical level, we demonstrate that the electron dynamics in these systems are surprisingly complex, and the emergence of many-body interactions underlies the dynamics in these solvated systems.
Pub.: 26 Feb '16, Pinned: 07 Jun '17