Senior Lecturer, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Balancing Political Economy and Climate Change on Land Grabbing
The purpose of this research project is to systematically document the processes of the climate change, massive transitional land grabs from a political economy perspective. This research will be guided with the following questions: what are the constructions of ‘power’ and ‘authority’ especially in the context of land rights, access and usage in African societies? What are the crucial issues of conflicts associated with biofuels development, climate change, transnational commercial deals and mechanism of land seizure in Africa? What relevant, proactive and effective strategies for cooperation towards managing these conflicts and changes in climate emerge from the key actors? What policy directions and theoretical perspectives could emerge from such strategies, especially within the context of the agrarian question in peasantry societies subject to globalization and neoliberal capitalism? This study would analyze the varied land issues, tensions, landscapes of resistance and alternative (opportunities) amongst the parties and then through this process, explore productive strategies for mutual cooperation and benefits. In order to interrogate and answer these questions, four African countries – Nigeria, Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Sierra Leone – have been selected for the study. Each has been drawn from a different sub-Saharan region. The mapped sites in these countries include: the Taraba State in the Northern part of Nigeria, where the Italian conglomerate, ENI, operates an Gassol project; the Ethiopian region of Oromiya which hosts the Austria/USA agrofuel concern, Petro Palm Corporation; the Dezeve community in Bilene District of Mozambique in which Canadian Energem Biofuels Resources runs a biofuel project; and the Makeni region of Sierra Leone, where Addax Bioenergy, a Swiss conglomerate, is engaged in a biofuel project. The data collection would be based on purposively selected samples of both written documents gathered from a variety of libraries and resources, and oral evidences from fieldwork. Well-structured questionnaire will be administered to 120 respondent’s focus group discussions (FGDs).
Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 May 2017 Source:Revista de la Educación Superior Author(s): Alan Celaya Lozano, Diana Luque Agraz, Jaqueline García Hernández, José Antonio Amozurrutia de María y Campos, Juan Martín Preciado Rodríguez, Jesús Laborín Álvarez, Rafael Enrique Cabanillas López La crisis hídrica, climática y de biodiversidad ha sido reconocida como un riesgo global por organismos internacionales y nacionales. Los Centros Públicos de Investigación (cpi) del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Conacyt) son estratégicos para orientar la política pública ambiental hacia mayores niveles de eficiencia. Sin embargo, los cpi carecen de un sistema de evaluación de su desempeño desde una perspectiva de justicia ambiental. Para contribuir en este sentido, evaluamos la producción científica de sustentabilidad ambiental (pcsa) en un cpi caso de estudio, de 1982 a 2012, así como su impacto a nivel académico y social. Concluimos que el contexto político federal ha privilegiado el desarrollo de temáticas de investigación orientadas a fortalecer al sector productivo privado, mientras que el tema ambiental, si bien es parte de la agenda de ciencia y tecnología, continúa siendo un tema sectorizado y de escaso interés público y privado. A hydrological, climatic and biodiversity crisis is recognized by several major international organizations. Although they are strategic in the development of public policy addressing such environmental issues, Conacyt's Public Research Institutions (pri) lack a systematic method for addressing their own performance when it comes to environmental justice. To contribute in this objective, we evaluated the environmental sustainability scientific production (essp) and its social and academic impact in one pri between the years of 1982 and 2012. We conclude that priorities at the federal level continue to prioritize other lines of research which are oriented towards the support of productivity in the private sector. At the same time while the environment continues to be recognized as part of a research agenda, it is of little interest to the public and private sectors.
Pub.: 02 Jun '17, Pinned: 28 Aug '17
Abstract: We present a statistical overview of the publications in theoretical high energy physics (HEP), which emerged in Latin America (LA) in the period between 1990 and 2012. Our study captures the eight Latin American nations, which are dominant in this field of research: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay and Cuba. As an intercontinental benchmark, we compare them with India, Canada, South Korea, Belgium and South Africa. We consider the productivity of research papers in specialized high-impact journals, and the corresponding numbers of citations. In addition we investigate how these records are correlated with three socio-economic indices: the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Education Index (EI).
Pub.: 14 Aug '17, Pinned: 28 Aug '17