PhD student-King's College London. Imaging and stimulation time courses are my life

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Imaging endosome trafficking in 3D matrices - at least attempting to ....

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CD30 on extracellular vesicles from malignant Hodgkin cells supports damaging of CD30 ligand-expressing bystander cells with Brentuximab-Vedotin, in vitro.

Abstract: The goal of targeted immunotherapy in cancer is to damage both malignant and tumor-supporting cells of the microenvironment but spare unaffected tissue. The malignant cells in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) selectively express CD30. They release this receptor on extracellular vesicles (EVs) for the tumor-supporting communication with CD30 ligand (CD30L)-positive bystander cells. Here, we investigated how CD30-positive EVs influence the efficacy of the CD30 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) Brentuximab Vedotin (SGN-35). The malignant cells and the EVs expressed the active sheddase ADAM10. ADAM10 cleaved and released the CD30 ectodomain (sCD30), causing a gradual depletion of SGN-35 binding sites on EVs and creating a soluble competitor of the ADC therapy. In a 3D semi-solid tumor microenvironment model, the EVs were retained in the matrix whereas sCD30 penetrated readily into the surrounding culture medium. This resulted in a lowered ratio of EV-associated CD30 (CD30EV) to sCD30 in the surrounding medium in comparison to non-embedded cultures. A low percentage of CD30EV was also detected in the plasma of cHL patients, supporting the clinical relevance of the model. The adherence of CD30EV but not sCD30 to CD30-/CD30L+ mast cells and eosinophils allowed the indirect binding of SGN-35. Moreover, SGN-35 damaged CD30-negative cells, provided they were loaded with CD30+ EVs.

Pub.: 23 Apr '16, Pinned: 12 Sep '16

Rhodamine 6G conjugated to gold nanoparticles as labels for both SERS and fluorescence
studies on live endothelial cells.

Abstract: Fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy were employed to investigate the cellular uptake of rhodamine 6G (R6G) alone and of R6G loaded with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by endothelial cells. R6G plays the role of a Raman reporter in SERS but also displays strong fluorescence. The presence of bare R6G molecules and R6G-AuNPs in the cytoplasm of the cells is detected via the 2D fluorescence of the dye after a 0.5 h of the incubation with R6G and R6G-AuNPs, and then the concentration of the dye increases within 4 h of exposure. The examination of the cellular uptake of the R6G and R6G-AuNPs species at different temperatures suggests that the internalization of the R6G-AuNPs into endothelial cells occurs mainly via endocytosis. 3D fluorescence imaging of R6G inside cells reveals inhomogeneous distribution of the dye in the cytoplasm. The SERS signal of the Raman reporter inside the cell disappears after 2 h of incubation with R6G-AuNPs and then amino acid residues, purines and pyrimidines become SERS-active via their interactions with the gold. The results highlight the significance of using multiple techniques to cover a spectrum of issues in the application of SERS nanosensors for probing an intracellular environment under comparable and standardized conditions. FigureCellular uptake of bare rhodamine 6G and rhodamine 6G adsorbed onto AuNPs were studied on endothelial cells using fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. The internalization of R6G-AuNPs occurs via endocytosis and diffusion resulting in uneven distribution in the cytoplasm.

Pub.: 09 Jan '15, Pinned: 12 Sep '16