A pinboard by
Reid Krell

Ph.D. Candidate, University of Alabama


Who wins lawsuits and why?

We aren't sure why lawsuits resolve the way they do. Some say that the judge is most important. Other people say the parties are more important. My research helps to take the spaghetti plate that is modern American lawsuits, and disentangle it so that we can identify the things that judges influence, the things that parties influence, and the places in the process where they interact with one another. To do that, I extend a unique dataset that examines ten years of enforcement lawsuits brought by an American administrative agency, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Because the EEOC is not allowed to resolve cases privately, I have information on the money plaintiffs receive for every case in the dataset. This gives me much more information on the winners and losers of the case than a simple yes or no answer to the question of "who won?" This research has implications for the effectiveness of American policy efforts to eradicate workplace discrimination. It also has implications for a larger interest in resource redistribution and where the costs of prejudice fall in modern American society.


The Experience of Litigation From the Perspective of Midwives in Iran.

Abstract: Errors and notices to appear in court are a reality of life for many midwives and exert significant effects on both their professional and personal lives. Given the increasing population policies in place, this study was conducted to examine midwives' experiences of litigation in Iran.A qualitative study was conducted in 2014 using an interpretive phenomenological approach. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and were then analyzed using the Diekelmann method.Midwives who participated had professional experience ranging from 3 to 22 years at the time of the complaints. Five participants had received more than one complaint, and 10 participants were judged as guilty creating/leaving significant effects on various dimensions of their lives.The present research disclosed four main themes from the interviews including feeling ruined by the complaints, being conflicted between denial and belief, having shattered hopes of release, and experiencing the slowed-down rhythm of midwifery. From these, a basic pattern of "living in despair" was extracted. Litigation is a painful experience for midwives. Anxiety regarding compensation for the patients' losses, public judgment, prolonged litigations, and undermined professional dignity create physical and psychological ramifications for these midwives. Negative feelings about litigation, compounded by the lack of legal support from the authorities, cause a sense of hopelessness regarding the future of the midwifery profession.

Pub.: 19 Aug '17, Pinned: 20 Dec '17