Research Manager, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
The study aims to measure the knowledge and practice of oral health and the severity of dental caries among the school going children in the rural area of Bangladesh. Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life.Oral diseases are more intense among the children and oral diseases restrict activities in school, at work and at home causing several school and work hours to be lost each year. Studies showed that better knowledge of oral hygiene manifests better oral practice and a more positive attitude towards oral health. So my research objective was to measure the knowledge level and practice of oral health so that we can prepare interventions for the school children for better oral health.
Abstract: The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness of a Primary Preventive Dental Health Education Programme conducted for 6-12-year-old primary school children in Mysore City.A total of 12 schools, one each in the category of Government, Aided, and Unaided, were randomly selected per zone viz., North, South, East, and West. These 12 schools constituted the study group where the Primary Preventive School Dental Health Education Programme (PPSDHEP) was implemented. Two additional schools were selected at random from the four zones to serve as the control. A total of 926 children participated in the study. The PPSDHEP involved the second-level transfer of preventive package wherein the oral health education was imparted to the school children by schoolteachers trained by the investigator. Among the parameters for evaluating the outcome of the programme were the pre and post-programme assessment (at the baseline and at follow-up, i.e., after 6 months) of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), dental caries status, oral hygiene, and gingival health status.The results suggest that the PPSDHEP resulted in bringing about an enhancement in the KAP towards oral health and also an improvement in dental caries, oral hygiene, and gingival health status of the school children in the study group.The present study supports the implementation of similar programmes in schools and the contention that schoolteachers are suitable personnel for imparting dental health education to school children on a regular basis.
Pub.: 04 May '17, Pinned: 09 Nov '17
Abstract: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Dental problems can be avoided if identified at an early stage. There is no data on oral health status of school going children in Karnataka state's Shimoga city.To evaluate oral health status of school going children among 5-15-year-old in Shimoga city.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1458 government and private school children aged 5-6, 9-10 and 14-15 years. Dental caries (DMFT and deft Index), oral hygiene status (OHI-S Index) and dental fluorosis (Dean's Fluorosis Index) according to WHO diagnostic criteria (1997) were assessed. Data was evaluated using ANOVA and t-test by SPSS (IBM statistical software version 21.0.) at a level of 5% significance.The deft among 5-6-year-old children was 3.36±3.511, deft and DMFT among 9-10-year-old was 2.55±2.497 and 0.45±0.996 respectively and DMFT among 14-15-year-old was 1.34±1.832. The caries prevalence among 5-6-year-old was 68.8%, 9-10-year-old was 77.2% and 14-15-year-old was 48.9% and overall prevalence of dental caries was 65.3% which was statistically significant. Among 9-10-year-old oral hygiene was good in 85.4%, fair in 13.5% and poor in 1% of school children and among 14-15-year-old oral hygiene was good in 77.4%, fair in 22.2% and poor in 0.4%. Overall 81.7% of children had good oral hygiene. The prevalence of dental fluorosis was 14.5%.The children from government school were found to be less caries free than the private school children, but the difference was not significant. Oral hygiene status is found to be good among both the private and government school children. So the dental awareness is required among children of government school.
Pub.: 13 Sep '17, Pinned: 09 Nov '17
Abstract: The present study aims to evaluate the impact of oral health education on oral hygiene knowledge and plaque control of school-going children in the city of Amritsar.The study was carried out for 6 weeks and included four groups of schoolchildren of 10-12 years of age. Children were randomly selected and assigned into one of the four groups - Group I (verbal communication), Group II (verbal communication and self-educational pamphlets), Group III (audiovisual aids and verbal communication), and Group IV (control group). Oral health education was assessed by getting a questionnaire filled by children and plaque scores was recorded using Silness and Loe plaque index before and after the study. The data were then compared and analyzed using SPSS 16 software manufactured by IBM.Differences in knowledge gain after the dental health education were statistically significant between all the groups, except between Group II and Group III in which the difference was not found to be significant. Group III showed the highest decrease in plaque score followed by Group II. There was a significant difference in reduction in plaque scores between all the groups, except between the Groups II and III.Both methods, i.e., pamphlets and audiovisual aids when used along with oral lectures, are equally effective in improving the knowledge and plaque scores in children.
Pub.: 14 Oct '17, Pinned: 09 Nov '17