Lecturer II, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
Study measuring Knowledge, health behavior and perceived risk of Type II Diabetes among Adolescents
Background: Diabetes is on the rise. Globally, an estimated 422 million adults are living with diabetes mellitus (WHO 2016). Type 2 diabetes makes up about 85-90% of all cases. International Diabetes Federation says this will hit over 552 million by 2030 if no urgent action is taken (Omobuwa and Alebiosu, 2014).
Aim: To assess the level of knowledge and perceived risk of developing Type II Diabetes among undergraduate students of Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State
Methods: Using the cross-sectional study design and employing the Simple Random sampling technique, three hundred and fifty-four (354) participants were recruited into this study. Knowledge, health behavior and perceived risk of Type II Diabetes were measured using a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire and data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0
Results: Majority of the respondents, 229 (64.7%) were within the ages 20-24, Male 192 (54.2%) and Christian 300 (84.7%). Most of the respondents, 254 (71.8%), showed awareness of Type II Diabetes as a form of Diabetes. Most of the respondents did not know that being very thirsty 184 (52.0%), blurred vision 219 (61.9%), Irritability from fatigue 234 (66.1%) and frequent skin infections 229 (64.7%) were symptoms of Type II diabetes. However, results showed Majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge on control/management 202 (57.1%) and prevention 329 (92.9%). Study results revealed that despite being aware of Type II diabetes, majority of the respondents, 207 (58.5%) and 264 (74.6%) were engaged in risky behaviors predisposing them to the disease and perceived themselves to be at minimal risk of developing Type II diabetes respectively.
Conclusion/Summary: There is high awareness about Type II Diabetes among Babcock University Undergraduates and adequate knowledge of control/management but inadequate knowledge about its symptoms. Lifestyle practices of majority of the respondents predisposes them to Type II Diabetes yet they perceive themselves to be at minimal risk of developing the disease. Recommendation was made to the University Administration to employ the use of mass media campaigns (Radio and print) to increase knowledge and feed a lifestyle change/improvement.
Abstract: To determine the level of practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and the impact of a health education intervention in Shao community.Intervention study using a multistage sampling technique. The instrument was a pre-tested, structured questionnaire. The survey was supplemented by an in-depth interview of the traditional excisors.Most respondents (88.0%) cited traditional excisors as operators of the procedure, while 7.8% mentioned health workers. Factors found to be statistically significantly associated with the practice of FGM are age, gender and educational status of respondents (p<0.05). The age at which FGM is usually performed was put at under one year old by 60.3% of respondents. All respondents cited type II FGM as the type practised in the community. Most (88.0%) of the female respondents were excised. A greater proportion of men than women did not want the practice of FGM stopped in the pre-intervention stage; however, there was a statistically significant decrease in the proportion of males who did not want the practice of FGM stopped in the post-intervention stage. Also, there was a statistically significant increase in the proportion of respondents who had no intention to excise future female children in the post-intervention stage (p<0.05). Legislation, female literacy and empowerment, educating men and provision of alternative vocation for excisors were means suggested by respondents for stopping the practice.The health education intervention had a positive impact on the attitude of respondents towards FGM. However, for sustainable behavioural changes that will lead to elimination of FGM practice, we recommend placing FGM elimination efforts within a comprehensive development strategy and the larger context of reproductive health and gender education in Nigeria.
Pub.: 09 Jul '08, Pinned: 12 Nov '17
Abstract: To determine the level of knowledge, belief, and assess the attitude to female genital mutilation (FGM) and its complications in Shao community, Nigeria, a cross-sectional descriptive study with a health education intervention was used. A majority of respondents (99.5%) understood female circumcision to mean cutting off parts of the female genitals. There was a high level of knowledge regarding most of the complications of FGM as more than 50% of respondents knew at least four complications of FGM. Awareness of the global anti-FGM campaign was also high (78.8%). The most common reasons proffered for the practice of FGM were based on tradition or religion. Paternal grandfathers (50.0%) and fathers (21.0%) were cited as decision makers in the family most often responsible for requesting FGM. Post-intervention results showed that there was a statistically significant increase in the proportion of respondents who know more complications of FGM and who have no intention of circumcising future female children. Despite a high level of knowledge regarding the complications of FGM and a high level of awareness of the global campaign against it, there still exists a high prevalence of practice of FGM in this community. FGM remains a pressing human rights and public health issue. It is our recommendation that this health education intervention strategy be replicated nationwide especially using mass media.
Pub.: 25 Jun '08, Pinned: 12 Nov '17
Abstract: Globally, the Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic remains a major public health problem. In most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS has already reversed the post-independence developmental gains.This study assessed community attitudes regarding the reproductive rights and sexual life of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Olorunda Local Government Area of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria.In a community-based descriptive cross-sectional study, the sample size calculation was based on the assumption that 67% of the target population has a negative attitude regarding the reproductive rights of PLWHA; a confidence interval (CI) of 95% was used. A minimum sample size of 340 was obtained using the formula n = Z(2)pq/d(2). An anticipated 10% nonresponse rate was added to obtain a sample size of 374; a multistage sampling technique was utilized to select a total of 450 respondents. Data collected through a semistructured standardized and pretested questionnaire were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences software, version 15.The study revealed that 283 (66.6%) and 142 (33.4%) of respondents were urban and rural dwellers, respectively. Mean age of respondents was 28.7 years ± 2.2 years. Four hundred and two (94.6%) respondents were aware of HIV/AIDS, and 88.7% had knowledge of at least six different modes of HIV/AIDS transmission. About 30.7% of respondents had discriminatory and stigmatizing attitudes towards PLWHA, and 50.9% and 44.8% had negative attitudes towards their sexual and reproductive rights, respectively. There were significant associations between gender, marital status, educational status, occupation, and residential area of respondents and their attitude towards the reproductive and sexual right of PLWHA (P < 0.05).Discriminatory and stigmatizing attitudes to PLWHA found among respondents translated into a negative attitude regarding the reproductive and sexual rights of PLWHA. There is an urgent need to institute programs for raising community awareness about the rights of PLWHA, especially in rural areas, and to strengthen legislative provisions for protecting and preserving the reproductive rights of PLWHA.
Pub.: 29 Jun '13, Pinned: 12 Nov '17
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