A pinboard by
nurshahirah saleh

master student, university technology mara


The research is about to make sure chicken product handle in food truck is halal and safe to be eat by using Malaysian Standard 1500:2009,Malaysian Standard 2400 and Food Act 1983


Street foods in Beirut city: An assessment of the food safety practices and of the microbiological quality

Abstract: Street food is a prevalent part of the food service industry. It is convenient in terms of accessibility and cost, but perceived as potential risk of foodborne illness. Accordingly, the safety of street foods in Beirut, Lebanon was assessed using an observational checklist and microbiological analyses. A total of 30 vendors were observed for their food safety parameters and 60 samples were analyzed for their content of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria spp., and Salmonella spp., then, statistical analyses were performed for possible correlations. Results showed unsatisfactory levels of foodborne pathogens. Microbiological contamination was significantly correlated to unproper environmnental surroundings, deficiency of potable water, money handling, inappropriate methods of refrigeration, and the limited access to improper disposal facilities near stalls. These findings reveal the microbiological quality of street foods served in Beirut, and highlight on the practices to be ameliorated to provide safe street food products to consumers.Street food emerges as a social adaptation in urban areas due to its rapid lifestyle hence it may present a public health risk due to various factors. The current study is the first of its kind to be conducted in Beirut and its results present solid basis for further practices at different levels. Divulgation of its results would lead to new governmental laws to protect the public health and reduce the economic burdens related to hospitalization due to foodborne pathogens and poisoning. Educational institutions would also be involved in applications related to training and awareness sessions for street food handlers, to teach them the good hygienic practices. This study will also help consumers identify good and bad hygienic practices thus choose appropriate street food handlers.

Pub.: 13 Mar '18, Pinned: 23 Mar '18

Evaluating Food Safety Knowledge and Practices of Food Processors and Sellers Working in Food Facilities in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Abstract: Consumption of fast food and street food is increasingly common among Vietnamese, particularly in large cities. The high daily demand for these convenient food services, together with a poor management system, has raised concerns about food hygiene and safety (FHS). This study aimed to examine the FHS knowledge and practices of food processors and sellers in food facilities in Hanoi, Vietnam, and to identify their associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,760 food processors and sellers in restaurants, fast food stores, food stalls, and street vendors in Hanoi in 2015. We assessed each participant's FHS knowledge using a self-report questionnaire and their FHS practices using a checklist. Tobit regression was used to determine potential factors associated with FHS knowledge and practices, including demographics, training experience, and frequency of health examination. Overall, we observed a lack of FHS knowledge among respondents across three domains, including standard requirements for food facilities (18%), food processing procedures (29%), and food poisoning prevention (11%). Only 25.9 and 38.1% of participants used caps and masks, respectively, and 12.8% of food processors reported direct hand contact with food. After adjusting for socioeconomic characteristics, these factors significantly predicted increased FHS knowledge and practice scores: (i) working at restaurants and food stalls, (ii) having FHS training, (iii) having had a physical examination, and (iv) having taken a stool test within the last year. These findings highlight the need of continuous training to improve FHS knowledge and practices among food processors and food sellers. Moreover, regular monitoring of food facilities, combined with medical examination of their staff, should be performed to ensure food safety.

Pub.: 16 Mar '18, Pinned: 23 Mar '18

Characterization of the animal by-product meal industry in Costa Rica: Manufacturing practices through the production chain and food safety.

Abstract: Animal by-product rendering establishments are still relevant industries worldwide. Animal by-product meal safety is paramount to protect feed, animals, and the rest of the food chain from unwanted contamination. As microbiological contamination may arise from inadequate processing of slaughterhouse waste and deficiencies in good manufacturing practices within the rendering facilities, we conducted an overall establishment's inspection, including the product in several parts of the process.An evaluation of the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) was carried out, which included the location and access (i.e., admission) to the facilities, integrated pest management programs, physical condition of the facilities (e.g., infrastructure), equipments, vehicles and transportation, as well as critical control points (i.e., particle size and temperature set at 50 mm, 133°C at atmospheric pressure for 20 min, respectively) recommended by the OIE and the European Commission. The most sensitive points according to the evaluation are physical structure of the facilities (avg 42.2%), access to the facilities (avg 48.6%), and cleaning procedures (avg 51.4%).Also, indicator microorganisms (Salmonella spp., Clostridium spp., total coliforms, E. coli, E. coli O157:H7) were used to evaluate the safety in different parts of the animal meal production process. There was a prevalence of Salmonella spp. of 12.9, 14.3, and 33.3% in Meat and Bone Meal (MBM), poultry by-products, and fish meal, respectively. However, there were no significant differences (P = 0.73) in the prevalence between the different animal meals, according to the data collected.It was also observed that renderings associated with the poultry industry (i.e., 92.0%) obtained the best ratings overall, which reflects a satisfactory development of this sector and the integration of its production system as a whole.

Pub.: 22 Mar '18, Pinned: 23 Mar '18