Ph.D Research scholar, Bharathidasan University


Studying the effect of nanoparticles at cellular, organismal and molecular levels in Hydra

Nanotechnology has emerged as a powerful field of applied research. However, the potential toxicity of nano-materials is a cause of concern. A thorough toxicological investigation is required before a nanomaterial is evaluated for application of any kind. In this context, there is concerted effort to find appropriate test systems to assess the toxicity of nanomaterials. Toxicity of a nanomaterial greatly depends on its physicochemical properties and the biological system with which it interacts. The present research was carried out with a view to generate data on eco-toxicological impacts of copper oxide nanorod (CuO NR) in Hydra magnipapillata 105 at organismal, cellular and molecular levels. Exposure of hydra to CuO NR resulted in severe morphological alterations in a concentration- as well as duration-dependent manner. Impairment of feeding, population growth, and regeneration was also observed. In vivo and in vitro analyses revealed induction of oxidative stress, genotoxicity, and molecular machinery of apoptotic cell death, accompanied by disruption of cell cycle progression. It is also observed that CuO NR reduce the host microbial population and alters the FAME composition in hydra. Taken together, CuO nanorod is potentially toxic to the biological systems. Considering all the advantages, hydra offers the potential to be used as a convenient model organism for aquatic ecotoxicological risk assessment of nanomaterials.