A pinboard by
Sibtain Ahmad

Assistant Professor, University of Agriculture Faisalabad-Pakistan


This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of supplementation of herbal mineral vitamin blend on growth performance of boilers. One hundred and eighty birds were randomly distributed into 6 experimental units of 3 replicates (10 birds/replicate) as: negative control (basal diet), positive control (Lincomycin at the rate of 5g/bag), herbal mineral-vitamin blend at the rate of 150g/bag and 300g/bag, 50g/bag of Mentofresh™ and T10 as 100g/bag of Mentofresh™. The data regarding weekly feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio were recorded, and fecal samples were collected at the end of starter and finisher phase for nutrient digestibility trial. Based on overall results, it was concluded that the dietary inclusion of herbal mineral vitamin blend increase the production performance of broilers.


Antibiotic Residues in Chicken Meat: Global Prevalence, Threats, and Decontamination Strategies: A Review.

Abstract: Poultry production is among the most rapidly growing industries around the globe, and poultry is one of the major sources of meat. Poultry farmers use disease preventive and growth promoter antibiotics for faster growth of chickens in the shortest possible time to increase the rate of feed assimilation and to lower the incidence of mortality caused by a pathogen attack. Antibiotics may result in dysfunctionality of beneficial gut microbiota and increase resistance among microbial pathogens in poultry. Residues of these antibiotics in poultry meat have been determined in many of the studies globally and are considered one of the possible causes of antibacterial resistance in human pathogens. The presence of residues of antibiotics in poultry meat and meat products beyond maximum permissible limits is a matter of serious concern. Heat treatments can reduce the risk of some sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and fluoroquinolones but do not guarantee the complete elimination or degradation of these antibiotic residues present in broiler meat. Some of the developed countries, including Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and the European Union have already prohibited the application of antibiotics for preventive, as well as growth-promoting purposes. Training farmers to monitor withdrawal periods, banning the use of antibiotics as growth promoters, and adopting the veterinary feed directive of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are important parameters to mitigate the emergence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria related to poultry production.

Pub.: 15 Mar '18, Pinned: 17 Mar '18

Pharmacological values and therapeutic properties of black tea (Camellia sinensis): A comprehensive overview

Abstract: Publication date: April 2018 Source:Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Volume 100 Author(s): Muhammad Naveed, Jannat BiBi, Asghar Ali Kamboh, Imran Suheryani, Ihsanullah Kakar, Sarfaraz Ali Fazlani, Xia FangFang, Shahmir Ali kalhoro, Liang Yunjuan, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Ahmed E. Noreldin, Shi Zhixiang, Chen LiXia, Zhou XiaoHui Medicinal plants are essential parts of traditional medicine due to their phytochemical constituents having pharmacological values and therapeutic applications. Black tea have thousands of various biological compounds such as flavonoids (Thearubigins (TRs) and theaflavins (TFs) and catechins), amino acids (L.theanine), vitamins (A, C, K), phenolic acids (caffeic acid (CA), gallic acid (GA), chlorogenic acids (CGA) and cauramic acid), lipids, proteins, volatile compounds carbohydrates, β-carotene and fluoride that illustrated many promising pharmacological effects regarded as growth promoter, cardioprotector, potent cholesterol-lowering effect, antioxidant and antimicrobial, etc inhuman. Although there is an exponential growth in molecular evidence of cholesterol-lowering and antioxidant effect in human, there is still a lack of information of the pharmacological effects of black tea. To fill this information gap, therefore, this review article underscores broadening the new insight pertaining to black tea that could be used as safe food additive. This article also illuminates the interesting role of black tea as an herbal medicine that is the future demand to get rid of synthetic health promoters in the human health practice. Moreover, this information would be useful in terms of the low-cost practice of natural medicines with no residual effects, and a natural protection of the human being. In addition, further studies at a molecular level are needed to reveal its mechanism of action particularly for the hypocholesterolemic effect of black tea to overcome the heart-related diseases, fewer side effects and being a natural safeguard of human health.

Pub.: 26 Feb '18, Pinned: 17 Mar '18