Lecturer , Upper Nile University


determine food and feeding habits of Kob during two season of the year wet and dry

 1:1:1: Location and historical background of study area

Nimule National Park (NNP) located between latitude 3-35:349:49:2N and 31 48:3 and 322: 2E at extreme South Sudan end of Uganda borders. The northern border runs along the ilungwa mountain ranges to river Kayu. The National Park was established in 1935 as a game reserve and upgrades to National Park in 1954 (Sudan Government) the exact area of NNP, varies between 251 Km and 410 Km (Abdulla 1988). 1:1:2: Climate The climate of Nimule National Park and its surrounding is not different from that of the southern part of Sudan especially those of high wood land savanna. It is essentially of continental dry season, the rainy season in Nimule area starts at April and ends in November. The mean annual rainfall in Nimule varies from 1000-1200 mm, and the mean daily temperature is 27c. The highest temperature occurs in March reaching 29c while the lowest usually in July 24c (lebon, 1965)
1:1:3: Topography The geology of NNP is that of late pre –Cambrian period, mush of the topography is formation of the product of the geology and the climate operating throughout the Pleistocene and into the Holocene. The hills are well rounded with few cliffs or scrap an indication of weathering and denudation processes as well as resistance to greater chemical weathering. The characteristic here is that of high temperature and frequent rainfall. The general elevation of the area is 500 to 800 m at sea level (Lebon, 1965) 1:1:5: Vegetation N.N.P is mainly in area of deciduous high woodland savanna characterized by high broad leafed and more foliage trees of which are deciduous, other evergreen, the grass grows to a height of 4-8 feet and most of the grass species are perennial. Dominant vegetation categories in N.N.P are mainly three.(Abdalla 1988) and ( Noordwijk, 1984)

1:1:5:1 The Wooded grass land This is made of Hyperrhenia, Filibendularufa and Combretum species mainly Combredum collinum. This occurs mostly on the western half of the park especially the area nest to open grasslands. 1:1:5:2Bushed grass land The main feature of this type of the vegetation category is the strong presence of Combredum species, interspersed by Hyperrheniarufa, Hyperrhenia filibendula grass. 1:16: THe Riverine Wood land 1:1:6 This type occurs along both the seasonal and permanent rivers and streams. This type of vegetation is dominated by Acacia siberian (Abdulla, 1988and Noordwijk, 1984) Information about specie The Kob (Kobuskob