PhD Student, University of Lagos
Climatic dynamics of the sudan-sahel is adversely impacting local resources leading to conflicts.
Climate is a driver of local economy particularly in areas where human survival is tied to the land. In the sudan-sahel ecosystem of West Africa, agriculture is dependent on the ambient climatic dynamics in which water availability dictates competitive use of land. And to survive in an area of limited land resources, conflicts is inevitable. There are copious examples of violent clashes between herdsmen and crop farmers with overlapping claims to land resources particularly water and fodder. In this study, we review literature as well as apply natural resource management theories to examine the nexus between climate extremes and the consequential impact of dynamics of water availability to multi-interest resource conflicts. It is hoped that this study will enhance the extent of possibilities in managing natural resources as well as human responses to changes in the environment towards environmental sustainability.
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