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Lack of accurate ESD device models and CAD methods makes on-chip ESD protection circuit design optim
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown. A buildup of static electricity can be caused by tribocharging or by electrostatic induction. The ESD occurs when differently-charged objects are brought close together or when the dielectric between them breaks down, often creating a visible spark.
ESD can create spectacular electric sparks (lightning, with the accompanying sound of thunder, is a large-scale ESD event), but also less dramatic forms which may be neither seen nor heard, yet still be large enough to cause damage to sensitive electronic devices. Electric sparks require a field strength above approximately 40 kV/cm in air, as notably occurs in lightning strikes. Other forms of ESD include corona discharge from sharp electrodes and brush discharge from blunt electrodes.
ESD can cause a range of harmful effects of importance in industry, including gas, fuel vapour and coal dust explosions, as well as failure of solid state electronics components such as integrated circuits. These can suffer permanent damage when subjected to high voltages. Electronics manufacturers therefore establish electrostatic protective areas free of static, using measures to prevent charging, such as avoiding highly charging materials and measures to remove static such as grounding human workers, providing antistatic devices, and controlling humidity.
ESD simulators may be used to test electronic devices, for example with a human body model or a charged device model. (copyright wikipedia ) . For my research, I try to develop ESD simulation methodology and accurate ESD behavior modeling technique to characterize the complicated thermal-electrical quick discharging process.
Abstract: Byproduct Si-based ink can be used for fabrication of poly-Si TFTs, which helps enable sustainable massive diffusion of disposable and single-use electronic devices.Currently, research has been focusing on printing and laser crystallization of cyclosilanes, bringing to life polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin-film transistors (TFTs) with outstanding properties. However, the synthesis of these Si-based inks is generally complex and expensive. Here, we prove that a polysilane ink, obtained as a byproduct of silicon gases and derivatives, can be used successfully for the synthesis of poly-Si by laser annealing, at room temperature, and for n- and p-channel TFTs. The devices, fabricated according to CMOS compatible processes at 350 °C, showed field effect mobilities up to 8 and 2 cm2/(V s) for n- and p-type TFTs, respectively. The presented method combines a low-cost coating technique with the usage of recycled material, opening a route to a convenient and sustainable production of large-area, flexible, and even disposable/single-use electronics.
Pub.: 11 Jun '17, Pinned: 29 Jun '17
Abstract: In the past few years, more and more business-to-consumer and enterprise applications run in the heterogeneous clouds. Such cloud bag-of-tasks applications are usually budget constrained, and their scheduling is an essential problem for cloud provider. The problem is even more complex and challenging when the accurate knowledge about task execution time is unknown in advance. Focusing on these challenges, we first build a cloud resource management architecture and stochastic task model, which divides cloud task into two execution parts. Then, we deduce bag-of-tasks applications' schedule length (Makespan) and total cost according to heterogeneous clouds' online feedback information of task first part execution. Thirdly, we formulate this stochastic scheduling problem as a linear programming problem. Lastly, we propose a time and cost multiobjective stochastic task scheduling genetic algorithm, in which can find Pareto optimal schedules for stochastic cloud task that meet its budget constraint. The extensive simulation experiments were carried out on a heterogeneous cloud platform with 400 virtual machines, and tasks were derived from Parallel Workloads Archive and the analysis data of real-world cloud systems. The experimental results show that our proposed stochastic task scheduling genetic algorithm can get shorter schedule length and lower cost with task budget constraints.
Pub.: 20 Jun '17, Pinned: 29 Jun '17
Abstract: We study in this article jointly testing the associations of a genetic variant with correlated multiple phenotypes using the summary statistics of individual phenotype analysis from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWASs). We estimated the between-phenotype correlation matrix using the summary statistics of individual phenotype GWAS analyses, and developed genetic association tests for multiple phenotypes by accounting for between-phenotype correlation without the need to access individual-level data. Since genetic variants often affect multiple phenotypes differently across the genome and the between-phenotype correlation can be arbitrary, we proposed robust and powerful multiple phenotype testing procedures by jointly testing a common mean and a variance component in linear mixed models for summary statistics. We computed the p-values of the proposed tests analytically. This computational advantage makes our methods practically appealing in large-scale GWASs. We performed simulation studies to show that the proposed tests maintained correct type I error rates, and to compare their powers in various settings with the existing methods. We applied the proposed tests to a GWAS Global Lipids Genetics Consortium summary statistics data set and identified additional genetic variants that were missed by the original single-trait analysis.
Pub.: 26 Jun '17, Pinned: 29 Jun '17