Lecturer, University of Lagos
Introduction: Annually, there are an estimated 271 million people worldwide whose health conditions are affected by factors in their workplace. The workplace may bring people into contact with conditions that can adversely affect health or place them in settings where health can be promoted. Bank workers, especially at the junior level, work long hours and have the high stress of targets and deadlines. This study was carried out to determine and compare the prevalence, knowledge and the associated risk factors for cardiovascular disease among senior and junior level bank workers in Lagos. Materials and methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted using a multistage sampling method to select 240 senior level and 240 junior level workers at various banks in Lagos. Data (Questionnaires, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements) was obtained and then analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: The proportion of respondents with good knowledge was low (52.5% senior, 33.8% junior). Alcohol users were mostly senior level workers. Of both groups, 3.3% (senior) and 3.8% (junior), were smokers. High blood pressure showed a high prevalence (17.1% senior, 23.3% junior, 20.2% overall). Fruit consumption, number of years in banking, physical exercise, ethnicity, work resumption time, knowledge, adding salt to food and the number of people supervised at work were identified as predictors of high blood pressure. Conclusion: The junior level workers were found to be approximately 1.5 times more likely to be hypertensive than the senior level workers. Health Promoting workplaces and routine periodic medical examinations are recommended.