Assistant Professor, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College
Cadaver dissection workshops has been widely used in training of surgical residents however due to the huge expense involved in the supply and preservation of cadavers, the utility of these courses are being questioned. It’s imperative that implementing such training models is safe and helps in avoiding adverse outcomes in comparison to direct exposure of surgical steps on a live surgery. However the clear surgical field due to no blood, absence of pathology leading to a different tissue characteristic in a cadaver and absence of fear of having a complication during a cadaver dissection can limit the benefit of such a kind of exercise. In this lecture I would like to share the idea used by our institute during these workshop, to offer the course to a certain level of trained resident and junior consultants. We used to provide participants the clear objectives before the course so they attend the course well prepared. In our theme it is very important to identify the surgical expertise level of participant before the workshop and the opportunity available to them to apply, what they learned from the course. In our opinion applying these checks in hands-on cadaver dissection workshops will definitely improve the beneficial effects of these exercises and it will then be the best alternative of the huge cost involved
Abstract: Cadaver dissection is considered a tool for studying the structural details of the human body. Lately, conflicting opinions regarding the utility of this modality in medical training have been published in medical literature. This review of literature was done to examine the status of anatomy teaching with cadaver dissection in traditional, modern, and postgraduate medical training across the world. Literature published in the English language on topics related to cadaver dissection in the past three decades was scrutinized using different search engines. About 200 full texts were reviewed. This review describes how medical schools have continued to include cadaver dissection in anatomy teaching in traditional or modified forms. Medical schools that stopped or decreased cadaver dissection have learned from their experiences, and have restarted it in modified forms by integrating it vertically with medical training. Additionally, cadaver dissection activities have increased in post-graduate anatomy courses, surgery training, and voluntary/optional cadaver dissection programs. Cadaver dissection, integrated vertically, is still a part of medical training in modified ways. This overview may help curriculum designers to place cadaver dissection in medical curriculum and training in a justified manner. ©2018The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.
Pub.: 13 Mar '18, Pinned: 23 Mar '18