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Dauda Awoniran

Assessment of Environmental Responses to Land use/Land cover Dynamics in the Lower Ogun River Basin,


Urban agriculture is a spatial attribute of every metropolitan city that has benefits and risks.

Urban agriculture contributes to a wide variety of urban issues and is increasingly being accepted and used as a tool in sustainable city development. Currently, the challenge is its integration into city planning and facilitation of its multiple benefits for urban inhabitants (Veenhuizen, 2006; Omisore et al, 2011). To this extent many studies have been conducted on urban agriculture and urban food security providing data on the presence and persistence of urban agriculture in cities and its importance for urban food security and income generation for the urban poor (Memon and Lee-Smith, 1993, Mougeout, 2000, Nugent, 2000). Urban agriculture is generally characterised by closeness to markets, high competition for land, limited space, use of urban resources such as organic solid wastes and wastewater, low degree of farmer organisation, mainly perishable products, high degree of specialisation, to name a few. By supplying perishable products such as vegetables, fresh milk and poultry products, urban agriculture, to a large extent, complements rural agriculture and increases the efficiency of national food systems (Veenhuizen, 2006). UA is a phenomenon that is prone to change. Indeed, due to the often transitory nature of urban agriculture, it is often considered to be a new phenomenon. The space and resources available to UA practitioners vary both quantitatively and qualitatively over short periods of time as noted by many researchers on the subject (Arturo and Simon, 2003; Smit and Joe, 1992; Losada et al, 1998; Foeken, 2012). An in-depth understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of urban. The choice of what to produce and how to produce is determined by a variety of social, economic and physical determinants. In most cities, the predominant crops grown are the result of often specific urban and peri-urban diets and food consumption patterns, which are influenced by culture, climate, soil conditions, socio-economic circumstances, proportion of expatriate market and political economy. The same applies to urban livestock, in addition to the influence of religion and the climate (Veenhuizen and Danso 2007). However, crop production and livestock farming, either at subsistence or commercial scales, are established practices in most cities of the world.