Senior Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia
This research designed a prototype of school-based flood preparedness and response learning kit by Integrating flood preparedness miniature and interactive E-learning. This kit was designed such that student get to experiences simulated flood scenario, as well as enhance two-way learning among facilitator and children. A positive knowledge transfer was shown among school children and positive feedback was received among school teacher who was taught to teach the student with the designed learning kit.
Abstract: As disasters escalate in frequency and severity, children and youth are among those most at risk for resulting adverse psychological, social, health, and educational effects. Although there is growing interest in the vulnerabilities and capacities of youth who have experienced disaster, research focusing on their lived experiences during the recovery period remains sparse. In response to this knowledge gap, youth between the ages of 13–22 were invited to participate in workshops spanning one to four days, where they used art, music, photography, videography, and other means to articulate their experiences of post-disaster recovery. The research took place in four disaster-affected communities in the United States and Canada, including Joplin, Slave Lake, Calgary, and High River. Youth stories revealed key people, places, and activities that supported their recovery, and the mechanisms through which those supports had a positive impact. Examining youth perspectives is important to concretize and contextualize theories of disaster recovery.
Pub.: 31 Mar '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: Management decisions owners make to prepare their small businesses for hurricane events are strategic decisions that can affect the sustainability of their businesses. Therefore, there is value in understanding who prepares, what they do to protect their businesses, and in predicting these decisions from known demographics such as race, gender and business size. This study characterized the owners and businesses that did or did not undertake hurricane preparations and suggests education and policy strategies to assist these business owners. Small business owners in southern Mississippi participated in telephone interviews that provided data for the logit analyses in this study. The preparedness activities most practiced were risk transfer and structural mitigation. The least practiced activities were those related to protection of business operations and non-structural assets. Whether or not the business was located in a coastal county subject to surge highly predicted the use of certain types of preparation. Results demonstrate that preparation activities varied depending on the situation of the business (e.g. size, prior experience with disasters, property ownership) and characteristics of the owner (e.g. gender and education). However, differing threats to the business related to location (e.g. surge prone or not) and factors such as mandated insurance, local zoning, and commercial versus home-based locations were important influences.
Pub.: 06 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: The aim of the location of temporary shelter directly is to focus on helping the sufferers and injured people on disaster areas during and after a disaster. Facility location (location of temporary shelters) decisions play a critical role and affect directly performance of relief operations in disaster operations management (DOM). In this paper, a proactive decision-making tool by integrating decision-making trail and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method with interval type-2 fuzzy sets (IT2FSs) is proposed to locate of temporary location in DOM. While DEMATEL method enables to analyse cause and effect relationship in decision-making process, the IT2FSs overcome ambiguity and vagueness of linguistic assessment of decision-makers through the DEMATEL. 14 different criteria for location of temporary shelters are considered by 9 disaster operation managers for evaluating the cause and effect factors. Beside the theoretical contribution of the proposed method, it provides practical benefits to disaster operation managers to perceive cause and effect relationship on location of temporary shelters.
Pub.: 24 Feb '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: Urban areas located in Tornado Alley are consistently threatened by severe weather. Tornado sirens are commonly utilized by local governments to inform citizens of approaching danger. Geographic Information System (GIS)-based analyses have provided a practical means by which to assess the spatial extent and coverage of siren networks. Commonly, these studies apply arbitrary distance buffers to siren locations to determine areas where people can presumably hear them. This approach, however, does not account for the complexities of sound propagation (e.g., environmental factors such as weather conditions and topography). This study proposes the application of the SPreAD-GIS toolset to model the propagation of tornado siren sound. We model siren sound propagation in the city of Stillwater, Oklahoma (USA) for three scenarios, which align with the last three occasions when tornado warnings were issued in the city and the sirens were activated. We calculate mean siren decibel levels for all buildings in the city and relate this to population information to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the performance of the siren network. Across all scenarios, findings indicate that the siren network performs well with less than 3% of the population residing in locations with a mean value of 80 dB or less.
Pub.: 13 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: The present study focuses on analysing the state of the tsunami risk communication strategies, awareness and intended evacuation behaviour amongst tourists in Kamakura City, Japan. A mixed methodologies approach was utilized, using key informant interviews, site surveys and questionnaire surveys to understand the risk awareness of this transient group of the population. The results of the survey showed a relatively high risk awareness and willingness to evacuate, though there was some confusion regarding the direction of evacuation, mode of transportation, and location of evacuation areas in the city. A majority of respondents stated that they would expect to be warned of a threat by an official warning or announcement, whereas a minority mentioned social cues as a way to understand what to do, possibly thus requiring changes to the city's risk management strategies. In Japan, the concept of tendenko has been getting more attention since the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, which calls for each individual to immediately initiate evacuation by himself or herself, requiring the trust that other members of the family and community will be doing the same. Based on these findings the authors outlined a number of recommendations to improve disaster risk management for the case of tourists visiting Kamakura city.
Pub.: 18 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: The importance of local knowledge and traditional practices is now recognized by disaster risk reduction specialists, particularly in the aftermath of the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004. However, these frequently used practices by local populations are not yet recognized by all actors involved in disaster prevention. This research seeks to identify local traditional practices which are connected to hydro-meteorological phenomena and climate change in the coastal areas of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Rio Lagartos Biosphere Reserve. The identification process requires observation, documentation, validation and categorization of local traditional knowledge. The traditional practices (mainly by fishermen as well as some farmers) examined specifically among the coastal populations relate to their habitat, natural resources, and fishing practices. Recognizing and valuing traditional knowledge will help improve resilience to the impact of disasters and the effects of climate change among coastal populations.
Pub.: 08 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: An increasing number of people in the world are living in coastal areas characterized by high geophysical and biophysical sensitivity. Thus, it is necessary to provide coastal planners with tools helping them to design efficient management plans to mitigate the negative effects caused by a growing number of coastal climate hazards that threaten life and property. We calculate an Exposure Index (EI) for the coastline of Mozambique and assess the importance of the natural habitats in reducing exposure to coastal climate hazards. We estimate, for year 2015, an increase of 276% in the number of people affected by a high, or very high, level of exposure when compared to a “Without habitats” scenario, i.e. excluding the protective effects of sand dunes, mangroves, and corals. The results of the EI are supported by the Desinventar Database, which has historic data concerning loss and damage caused by events of geological or weather related origin. These results also indicate where the most exposed areas are thereby providing useful information to design effective coastal plans that increase resilience to climate hazards and erosion in Mozambique.
Pub.: 17 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
Abstract: Sea level rise will pose a significant challenge to coastal settlements throughout the planet and is likely to disproportionately affect poorer communities, which are usually located in particularly vulnerable areas. Coastal areas in Jakarta have been experiencing rapid subsidence in recent years, and could serve to illustrate the likely challenges that future sea level rise could have on such communities. To ascertain the level of awareness about the threats facing them questionnaire surveys were conducted amongst one relatively poor community which is situated below sea level, protected from the sea by a narrow concrete dyke. The results show that while local inhabitants appear to be aware about the hazards they face, many seem to underestimate their severity, possibly partly due to a high frequency of exposure in the recent past. The situation in the area appears to be worsening with each passing year, and it is imperative that remedial actions to halt ground subsidence are carried out and/or important remedial actions to adapt to the ground subsidence are implemented. Failure to do so could eventually result in a significant loss of life in the area.
Pub.: 23 Apr '17, Pinned: 30 Jun '17
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