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Two-Dimensional CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Nanosheets for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers.


Even though the nonlinear optical effects of solution processed organic-inorganic perovskite films have been studied, the nonlinear optical properties in two-dimensional (2D) perovskites especially their applications for ultrafast photonics are largely unexplored. In comparison to bulk perovskite films, 2D perovskite nanosheets with small thickness of a few unit cells are more suitable for investigating the intrinsic nonlinear optical properties because bulk recombination of photo-carriers and the nonlinear scattering are relatively small. In this research, we systematically investigated the nonlinear optical properties of 2D perovskite nanosheets derived from a combined solution process and vapour phase conversion method. It was found that 2D perovskite nanosheets have stronger saturable absorption properties with large modulation depth and very low saturation intensity compared with bulk perovskite films. Using an all dry transfer method, we constructed a new type of saturable absorber device based on single piece 2D perovskite nanosheet. Stable soliton state mode-locking was achieved and ultrafast picosecond pulses were generated at 1064 nm. This work is likely to pave the way for ultrafast photonic and optoelectronic applications based on 2D perovskites.