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Nutritional Status Improved in Cystic Fibrosis Patients with the G551D Mutation After Treatment with Ivacaftor.

ABSTRACT

The cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gating mutation G551D prevents sufficient ion transport due to reduced channel-open probability. Ivacaftor, an oral CFTR potentiator, increases the channel-open probability.To further analyze improvements in weight and body mass index (BMI) in two studies of ivacaftor in patients aged ≥6 years with CF and the G551D mutation.Patients were randomized 1:1 to ivacaftor 150 mg or placebo every 12 h for 48 weeks. Primary end point (lung function) was reported previously. Other outcomes included weight and height measurements and CF Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R).Studies included 213 patients (aged ≤ 20 years, n = 105; aged > 20 years, n = 108). In patients ≤20 years, adjusted mean change from baseline to week 48 in body weight was 4.9 versus 2.2 kg (ivacaftor vs. placebo, p = 0.0008). At week 48, change from baseline in mean weight-for-age z-score was 0.29 versus -0.06 (p < 0.0001); change in mean BMI-for-age z-score was 0.26 versus -0.13 (p < 0.0001). In patients >20 years, adjusted mean change from baseline to week 48 in body weight was 2.7 versus -0.2 kg (p = 0.0003). Mean BMI change at week 48 was 0.9 versus -0.1 kg/m(2) (p = 0.0003). There was no linear correlation evident between changes in body weight and improvements in lung function or sweat chloride. Significant CFQ-R improvements were seen in perception of eating, body image, and sense of ability to gain weight.Nutritional status improved following treatment with ivacaftor for 48 weeks.