Risk perception of nuclear power plants among university students in Northeast Asia after the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
Research paper by
Marco Chi Fong MC Ieong, Jung-Chun JC Ho, Patricia Chiao-Tze PC Lee, Tomiko T Hokama, Tsugiko T Gima, Lingling L Luo, Myongsei M Sohn, So Yoon SY Kim, Shu-Fen SF Kao, Wanhwa Annie WA Hsieh, Hung-Lun HL Chang, Peter Wu-Shou PW Chang
3rd May 2014
3rd May 2014
Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health
To examine the perception of nuclear energy risks among Asian university students following the Fukushima nuclear disaster, a standardized questionnaire survey was conducted since July 2011 after the Fukushima disaster. A total of 1814 respondents from 18 universities in China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan participated in this survey. It showed that students with the following characteristics had a higher preference for "a clear schedule to phase out nuclear power plant (NPP)": females (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.44-2.34), in Japan (aOR = 2.81, 95% CI = 2.02-3.90), in China (aOR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.04-2.09), and with perceived relative risks of cancer incidence greaterthan 1 (aOR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.07-1.88). "If nuclear energy were phased out," the opinions on potential electricity shortage were as follows: Japan, aOR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.40-0.69; China, aOR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.75-3.45; and associated with academic majors (science/technology, aOR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.31-0.59; medicine/health science, aOR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.49-0.84). The results carried essential messages for nuclear energy policy in East Asia.