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An experimental study of ovarian cancer imaging and therapy by paclitaxel-loaded phase-transformation lipid nanoparticles combined with low-intensity focused ultrasound.

ABSTRACT

Drug-loaded phase-transformation lipid nanoparticles (NPs) combined with low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) for ultrasound molecular imaging and therapy, which is a very promising drug carrier and can provide both physical and chemical therapeutics, simultaneously. We successfully prepared the paclitaxel (PTX) loaded anti-LHRHR targeted phase-transformation lipid nanoparticles (PTX-anti-LHRHR-PTNPs) for ovarian cancer in this study combined with LIFU has the following characteristics: On the one hand, it showed smaller size and greater stability than blood cells, which significantly prolonged its half-life in the body, and can actively target ovarian cancer OVCAR-3 cells, and smoothly penetrate the endothelial gap into the tumor site for specifically killing the ovarian cancer cells. Thereby, the special drug carrier improved the therapeutic effect and reduced toxic and side effects, maximized the protection of normal tissues and minimized adverse reactions. On the other hand, PTX-anti-LHRHR-PTNPs can be targeted to focus after being injected intravenously and remain in the tumor target tissue for a long time. At the same time, liquid-gas phase-transformation can occur under LIFU triggering, resulting in more ideal and sustained ultrasound imaging effects. Then acoustic contrast agent is used to develop the molecular level of ultrasound scattering, so as to evaluate the diseased tissue from the molecular level. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.