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Cytomegalovirus Infection Monitoring Based on Interferon Gamma Release Assay in Kidney Transplantation.

ABSTRACT

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral infection after kidney transplantation and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recent studies showed that CMV-specific CD8+ T cells play the crucial role in protection against CMV. The Quantiferon-CMV (QF-CMV) is an interferon gamma (IFN-γ) release assay (IGRA test) that measures the IFN-γ response to a range of T-cell epitopes of CMV. In the present study, we analyzed the clinical utility of QF-CMV assay to predict CMV infection in kidney transplant recipients and evaluated if reactive result in QF-CMV test could be predictor of the duration of treatment. We studied 75 renal transplant recipients who had IGRA testing just before transplantation. The donor and recipient variables were reported from the clinical history. The variables related to transplantation were collected from transplantation process data and included CMV infection or disease, CMV treatment, and immunosuppressive treatment. Laboratory variables were C3-C4 complement fractions and DNA quantification of CMV. Fifty percent of patients had CMV infection, and 35.9% had CMV disease. The time of negativization of CMV DNA was 56.61 ± 23.5 days. Univariate analysis related to CMV infection only showed a statistically significant relation with thymoglobulin treatment (P = .001). Statistically significant variables in relation with CMV infection incidence were donor serology (P = .044) and thymoglobulin treatment (P = .004). The probability of CMV infection was lower with positive IGRA assay (P = .025). We found that IFN-γ response measured by QF-MV is a protective factor against CMV infection in post-transplantation kidney recipients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.