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Clinical characteristics and risk score for poor clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis therapy.

ABSTRACT

Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is an effective therapy for acute ischemic stroke, but some patients still have poor clinical outcome. In this study, we investigated clinical characteristics of stroke patients and determined predictors for poor clinical outcome in response to t-PA treatment. Clinical data from 247 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical parameters that were associated with survival of patients were analyzed. Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used to determine the feasibility of using various combinations of the clinical parameters to predict poor clinical response. The clinical outcome was defined according to the changes in Modified Rankin Scale. Overall, 145 patients had improved/complete recovery, 73 had no change, and 29 had worsening conditions or died during the in-clinic period. A univariate analysis showed that baseline characteristics including age, CRP, blood glucose level, systolic blood pressure, and admission NIHSS were significantly different (p < 0.05) among patients with different clinical outcome. A further multivariate analysis was then performed. Variables associated with poor clinical outcome (worsening/death) (p < 0.1) were included in the logistic regression model. Four parameters were retained in the model: Age, CRP, Blood glucose level, and Systolic blood pressure (ACBS). To allow a convenient usage of the ACBS classifier, the parameters were put into a scoring system, and the score at 7.7 was chosen as a cut-off. The ROC curve of this ACBS classifier has an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.7788, higher than other individual parameters. The ACBS classifier provided enhanced sensitivity of 69.2% and specificity of 74.3%. The ACBS classifier provided a satisfactory power in estimating the patients' clinical outcome. After further validating, the classifier may provide important information to clinicians for making clinical decisions. © 2019 The Authors. Brain and Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.