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Characterization of Flow Vectoring Phenomenon in Adjacent Synthetic Jets using CFD and PIV

ABSTRACT

Publication date: Available online 28 September 2016 Source:Computers & Fluids Author(s): Sajad Alimohammadi, Eoin Fanning, Tim Persoons, Darina B. Murray

Flow vectoring by a pair of synthetic jets is suitable for modification of the global flow characteristics with practical applications in active flow control and adaptive heat convection. The interaction of a pair of synthetic jets, with a separation distance s = 3.3D, stroke length L0 =29D, and Reynolds number Re =300, are investigated numerically using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and experimentally using particle image velocimetry (PIV). To achieve the most realistic calculation of the flow induced by synthetic jets, a full unsteady RANS simulation is performed of the internal flow in two cavities as well as the external jet flow using a dynamic mesh technique. The results for the intricate flow vectoring phenomenon show a reasonable quantitative agreement with PIV measurements, with a maximum deviation from PIV measurements of 14% for stream-wise centreline velocity in 10 < y/D < 20. The effect of phase difference between the pair of jets on the vectoring of the merged jet is investigated for δ ∅ = 0 ∘ , 60 ∘ and 130 ∘ . The merged jet is vectored in the direction of the cavity that is leading in phase, with a similar trend shown by the experimental and numerical results of instantaneous and time-averaged vortical structures. This leads to a better physical understanding of the fluid mechanics of adjacent synthetic jets, and will enhance the theoretical basis needed to promote their practical application.