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Real-time lane detection and tracking for autonomous vehicle applications

ABSTRACT

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, Volume 233, Issue 9, Page 2301-2311, August 2019. This article proposes an improved lane detection and tracking method for autonomous vehicle applications. In real applications, when the pose and position of the camera are changed, parameters and thresholds in the algorithms need fine adjustment. In order to improve adaptability to different perspective conditions, a width-adaptive lane detection method is proposed. As a useful reference to reduce noises, vanishing point is widely applied in lane detection studies. However, vanishing point detection based on original image consumes many calculation resources. In order to improve the calculation efficiency for real-time applications, we proposed a simplified vanishing point detection method. In the feature extraction step, a scan-line method is applied to detect lane ridge features, the width threshold of which is set automatically based on lane tracking. With clustering, validating, and model fitting, lane candidates are obtained from the basic ridge features. A lane-voted vanishing point is obtained by the simplified grid-based method, then applied to filter out noises. Finally, a multi-lane tracking Kalman filter is applied, the confirmed lines of which also provide adaptive width threshold for ridge feature extraction. Real-road experimental results based on our intelligent vehicle testbed proved the validity and robustness of the proposed method.