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Thermal activation of antigorite for mineralization of CO2.


This contribution demonstrates the sensitivity of antigorite dehydroxylation to treatment conditions and discusses the implications of the observations for scientific (i.e., dehydroxylation kinetics) and technological (i.e., energy efficient conditions and design of practical activation reactors) applications. At present, the energy cost of dehydroxylation of serpentinite ores represent the most important impediment for a large scale implementation of sequestering CO(2) by mineralization. We have analyzed changes in antigorite's derivative thermogravimetric curves (DTG) and deduced factors affecting the mass loss profiles. The imposed heating rate, type of purge gas, type of comminution and sample mass all influence the dehydroxylation curve. However, the results show no influence of material of construction of the heating vessel and flow rate of the purge gas. We report an important effect of oxidation of Fe(2+) under air purge gas that occurs prior to dehydroxylation and leads to formation of hematite skins on serpentinite particles, slowing down subsequent mass transfer and increasing the treatment temperature. From the process perspective, 75 μm particles afford optimal conditions of temperature and rate of dehydroxylation. Overall, the practical considerations, in thermally activating serpentinite ores for storing CO(2) by carbonation, comprise rapid heating, proper size reduction, prior demagnetisation, and fluidization of the powder bed.