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Stress-strain behaviour of nitrogen bearing austenitic stainless steels in the temperature range 298–473 K

ABSTRACT

The stress-strain behaviour of three nitrogen-bearing low-nickel austenitic stainless steels has been investigated via a series of tensile tests in the temperature range 298–473 K at an initial strain rate of 1.6×10−5s−1. Experimental stress-strain data were analysed employing Rosenbrock's minimization technique in terms of constitutive equations proposed by Hollomon, Ludwik, Voce and Ludwigson. Ludwigson's equation has been found to describe the flow behaviour accurately, followed by Voce's equation. The resultant strain-hardening parameters were analysed in terms of variations in temperature. A linear relationship between ultimate tensile stress and the Ludwigson parameters has been established. The influence of nitrogen on the Ludwigson modelling parameters has also been explained.