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De novo sequencing and comparative analysis of leaf transcriptomes of diverse condensed tannin-containing lines of underutilized Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.

ABSTRACT

Condensed tannin (CT) or proanthocyanidin (PA) is a unique group of phenolic metabolite with high molecular weight with specific structure. It is reported that, the presence of high-CT in the legumes adversely affect the nutrients in the plant and impairs the digestibility upon consumption by animals. Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.) is one of the promising underutilized legume with high protein and oil-content. One of the reasons for its underutilization is due to the presence of CT. Transcriptome sequencing of leaves of two diverse CT-containing lines of P. tetragonolobus was carried out on Illumina Nextseq 500 sequencer to identify the underlying genes and contigs responsible for CT-biosynthesis. RNA-Seq data generated 102586 and 88433 contigs for high (HCTW) and low CT (LCTW) lines of P. tetragonolobus, respectively. Based on the similarity searches against gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) database revealed 5210 contigs involved in 229 different pathways. A total of 1235 contigs were detected to differentially express between HCTW and LCTW lines. This study along with its findings will be helpful in providing information for functional and comparative genomic analysis of condensed tannin biosynthesis in this plant in specific and legumes in general.