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Characterisation and constitutive model of tensile properties of selective laser melted Ti-6Al-4V struts for microlattice structures

ABSTRACT

Publication date: 16 May 2018 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 725 Author(s): Zhiyong Wang, Peifeng Li

Predicting the mechanical performance of selective laser melted (SLM) microlattice structures requires the constitutive data of the parent solid material in the struts. This work first characterised the cross-sectional features of individual SLM Ti-6Al-4V struts. The direct examination revealed the non-linear relation between the equivalent diameter and the Feret diameter of a strut, which was quantified by an empirical equation. The equation considering surface roughness effects allowed the non-destructive determination of the equivalent diameter using the directly measured Feret diameter prior to tension testing. Uniaxial tension experiments were then performed to accurately measure the constitutive behaviour of SLM Ti-6Al-4V struts, with the strain history tracked and recorded using high resolution imaging. It was found that the strut diameter ranging 300–1200 µm has a negligible effect on the stress–strain response. The strain hardening and fracture behaviour of the SLM Ti-6Al-4V can be quantitatively described using the Johnson–Cook models with damage. The constitutive models were finally validated by the 3D finite element model and experiments of uniaxial compression on an SLM microlattice structure. The methodology presented here can accurately characterise and formulate the constitutive behaviour of SLM metallic struts for microlattices.