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Boron adsorption by maize cell walls

ABSTRACT

Boron adsorption by cell walls isolated from corn (Zea mays) roots was investigated as a function of solution pH and ionic strength. Adsorption increased with increasing solution pH from pH 4.5 to 10, exhibited an adsorption maximum at pH 10–10.5, and decreased with increases in pH above 10.5. Boron adsorption increased with increasing solution ionic strength indicating the formation of strong inner-sphere surface complexes. A surface complexation model, the constant capacitance model was well able to describe the B adsorption data, optimizing two B surface complexes and the dissociation constant for the surface functional group, XOH. The large absolute value of the dissociation constant is consistent with phenolic functional groups.