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Single trial independent component analysis for P300 BCI system.


A Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a device that allows the user to communicate with the world without utilizing voluntary muscle activity (i.e., using only the electrical activity of the brain). It makes use of the well-studied observation that the brain reacts differently to different stimuli, as a function of the level of attention allotted to the stimulus stream and the specific processing triggered by the stimulus. In this article we present a single trial independent component analysis (ICA) method that is working with a BCI system proposed by Farwell and Donchin. It can dramatically reduce the signal processing time and improve the data communicating rate. This ICA method achieved 76.67% accuracy on single trial P300 response identification.