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Continuous-flow synthesis using a column reactor packed with heterogeneous catalysts: A convenient production of nitroolefins by using amino-functionalized silicagel.


A continuous-flow synthesis of β-nitroolefins by using heterogeneous base catalysts has been developed. Although the use of an excess amount of nitro-donor such as nitromethane is required in conventional methods, nearly equimolar amounts of nitro-donors and carbonyl compounds are sufficient for high-yielding production of nitroolefins. Catalysts for this flow protocol are inexpensive and abundant, and high durability and high productivity were also realized by using an appropriate second support.