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On the mechanism of the palladium-catalyzed tert-butylhydroperoxide-mediated Wacker-type oxidation of alkenes using quinoline-2-oxazoline ligands.


The mechanism of the tert-butylhydroperoxide-mediated, Pd(Quinox)-catalyzed Wacker-type oxidation was investigated to evaluate the hypothesis that a selective catalyst-controlled oxidation could be achieved by rendering the palladium coordinatively saturated using a bidentate amine ligand. The unique role of the Quinox ligand framework was probed via systematic ligand modifications. The modified ligands were evaluated through quantitative Hammett analysis, which supports a "push-pull" relationship between the electronically asymmetric quinoline and oxazoline ligand modules.