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Premature Silencing of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Is Prevented by the Bub1-H2A-Sgo1-PP2A Axis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

ABSTRACT

The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) monitors mistakes in kinetochore-microtubule interaction and its activation prevents anaphase entry. The SAC remains active until all chromosomes have achieved bipolar attachment that applies tension on kinetochores. Our previous data in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae show that Ipl1/Aurora B kinase and a centromere-associated protein Sgo1 are required to prevent SAC silencing prior to tension generation, but we believe that this regulatory network is incomplete. Bub1 kinase is one of the SAC components, and Bub1-dependent H2A phosphorylation triggers centromere recruitment of Sgo1 by H2A in yeast and human cells. Although yeast cells lacking the kinase domain of Bub1 show competent SAC activation, we found that the mutant cells fail to maintain a prolonged checkpoint arrest in the presence of tensionless attachment. Mutation of the Bub1 phosphorylation site in H2A also results in premature SAC silencing in yeast cells. Previous data indicate that Sgo1 protein binds to PP2A(Rts1), and we found that rts1Δ mutants exhibited premature SAC silencing as well. We further revealed that sgo1 mutants with abolished binding to H2A or PP2A(Rts1) displayed premature SAC silencing. Together, our results suggest that, in budding yeast S. cerevisiae, the Bub1-H2A-Sgo1-PP2A(Rts1) axis prevents SAC silencing and helps prolonged checkpoint arrest prior to tension establishment at kinetochores.