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Protein determination in serum and whole blood by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy.

ABSTRACT

Attenuated total reflectance mid-infrared spectra of serum and blood samples were obtained from 4,000 to 600 cm(-1). Models for the determination of albumin, immunoglobulin, total globulin, and albumin/globulin coefficients were established for serum samples, using reference data obtained by capillary electrophoresis. Based on the use of the amide bands I and II regions, the relative root mean square error of prediction (RRMSEP) was 4.9, 14.9, 4.5, and 7.1% for albumin, immunoglobulin, total globulin, and albumin/globulin coefficients, respectively, determined in an independent validation set of 120 samples using 200 samples for calibration. Additionally, the use of Kennard-Stone method for the selection of a representative calibration subset of samples provided comparable results using only 60 samples. For whole blood analysis, hemoglobin was determined in 40 validation samples using models built from 40 calibration independent samples with RRMSEP of 8.3, 5.5, and 4.9% with models built from direct spectra in the first case and from sample spectra recorded after lysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate and freezing, respectively, for the last two ones. The developed methodologies offer green alternatives for patient diagnosis in a few minutes, minimizing the use of reagents and residues and being adaptable for its use as a point-of-care method.