I am a mental health professional (social worker) working with families where a parent has a mental illness
My area of interest is to reduce the impact of parental mental illness on dependent children
Caregiver burden and coping strategies adopted by carers in mental illness
The care-giving experience has been extensively investigated in some chronic/severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. These studies have suggested that illness variables and situational/personal characteristics of caregivers have a significant influence on how caregivers cope with mental illness. Information about coping styles of families is useful in understanding how relatives adapt to such difficult situations, by examining their assessment/appraisal of the situation, by assessing the kinds of coping strategies they use, and by evaluating the final outcome of this process in terms of distress endured by relatives. Eventually, this information can be very useful in planning interventions for families, interventions that are specifically designed to help families cope more effectively and thereby reduce their distress.
Abstract: Caregivers of patients of schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder (BAD) experience considerable burden while caring their patients. They develop different coping strategies to deal with this burden. Longitudinal studies are required to assess the relationship between caregiver burden and coping.The present study was conducted to assess relationship between burden and coping in caregivers of clinically stable patients with schizophrenia and BAD.One hundred patients each of schizophrenia and BAD attending a psychiatric outpatient setting and their caregivers were followed up for a period of 6 months. Burden and coping strategies were assessed in the caregivers at baseline, and after 3 and 6 months using the Burden Assessment Schedule (BAS) and Ways of Coping Checklist - Hindi Adaptation (WCC - HA).Burden remained stable over 6 months and was comparable in the two groups of caregivers. Caregivers from both the groups were found to use problem focused coping strategies more often than seek social support and avoidance strategies. Scores on avoidance type of coping showed a positive correlation with the total burden scores and a number of burden factors.Caregivers of patients of schizophrenia and BAD face similar levels of burden and use similar types of coping methods to deal with it. Relationship between caregiver burden and coping is quite complex.
Pub.: 19 Aug '07, Pinned: 27 Aug '17