We postulated that nitroimidazoles, previously used for radiosensitizing solid tumors, may be interesting templates as carriers of 10B for boron neutron capture therapy. To test this hypothesis, we synthesized a 10B-enriched nitroimidazole, 1-2[(undecahydro-closo-dodecaborato)thio]ethyl]-2- methyl-5-nitroimidazole (imidocaptate), by coupling the Cs salt of BSH (Cs2-10B12H11SH) with 1-(2-bromoethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole followed by purification of the adduct. Imidocaptate was taken up by V-79 cells in culture and showed no inherent toxicity under euoxic conditions up to 1.05 mM (126 micrograms of 10B/mL of culture medium). Imidocaptate showed a dose-dependent decrease in D0 when the treated cells were irradiated with a thermal neutron beam. At the highest dose tested (126 micrograms of 10B/mL of culture medium), the ratio of control to sample D0 values was 2.6 for both linear quadratic and single-hit multitarget models. At 33 micrograms of 10B/mL, imidocaptate showed a control/treated D0 ration (1.5) equal to that observed with the disulfide form of BSH at 28 micrograms of 10B/mL. Compared to BSH and its disulfide, the reduced toxicity and equipotency of imidocaptate suggest that this agent may be useful for boron neutron capture therapy of cancer.