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Evaluation of dehydrated human umbilical cord biological properties for wound care and soft tissue healing.

ABSTRACT

Chronic wounds are a significant health care problem with serious implications for quality of life because they do not properly heal and often require therapeutic intervention. Amniotic membrane allografts have been successfully used as a biologic therapy to promote soft tissue healing; however, the umbilical cord, another placental-derived tissue, has also recently garnered interest because of its unique composition but similar placental tissue origin. The aim of this study was to characterize PURION® PLUS Processed dehydrated human umbilical cord (dHUC) and evaluate the biological properties of this tissue that contribute to healing. This was performed through the characterization of the tissue composition, evaluation of in vitro cellular response to dHUC treatment, and in vivo bioresorption and tissue response in a rat model. It was observed that dHUC contains collagen I, hyaluronic acid, laminin, and fibronectin. Additionally, 461 proteins that consist of growth factors and cytokines, inflammatory modulators, chemokines, proteases and inhibitors, adhesion molecules, signaling receptors, membrane-bound proteins, and other soluble regulators were detected. Cell-based assays demonstrated an increase in adipose-derived stem cell and mesenchymal stem cell proliferation, fibroblast migration and endothelial progenitor cell vessel formation in a dose-dependent manner after dHUC treatment. Lastly, rat subcutaneous implantation demonstrated biocompatibility since dHUC allografts were resorbed without fibrous encapsulation. These findings establish that dHUC possesses biological properties that stimulate cellular responses important for soft tissue healing. © 2018 The Authors. Journal Of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials Published By Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res B Part B: Appl Biomater, 2018. © 2018 The Authors. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.